Perception of objects in psychology
Perception of objects in psychology occupies a special place. A person’s life in one way or another, associated with objects. Personality perceives the surrounding reality through interaction with natural phenomena, other objects, expanding their knowledge and understanding of the world. The objects in our lives play a significant role, has paramount importance, since one person can not do without auxiliary means on the path of knowledge and self-improvement.
Perception is a mental cognitive process, aimed at the reflection of objects and phenomena of the surrounding world in the totality of their properties, States.
Psychology of perception — the direction that examines the process of formation of individual image of the object, which affects the human analyzers (visual, auditory, tactile, olfactory, etc.)
Perception as a holistic reflection of objects
Perception of objects can not occur in isolation from other processes. For completeness of perception from the individual requires attention and perseverance, imagination, memory, to remember all the acquired experience. The information obtained may be useful after some time, but not immediately. Therefore, even in a month, a year, five years, it can be used for their own purposes. This person has a holistic perception, which displays the objects and phenomena at all levels.
The perception of the shape of objects
In the perception of the great importance of visual, motor, tactile analyzers. With the help of view of the person discovering the features of an object, identify its properties and characteristics. First impressions of the subject are formed by visual images. In the future, a person begins to realize that drew his attention to this object or it does not is of no interest. The organ of touch is also of great importance. With its help it becomes possible perception of the subject without having to look at him. So, in the dark or a space with limited light, hard to see, the human hand performs the primary function of recognition of objects. Even with my eyes closed, the fingers are able to correctly determine the shape and size of the object. The perception of the shape of objects as the process detects a close connection with tactile sensations. Visual analyzer as important, but without his participation can partly be dispensed with, if there is no physical applications are possible.
Not to mention the fact that the perception of colors strongly associated with the emotional sphere of the person. Each personality characteristic to choose a certain color in clothing, interior decoration, furniture and other items. The preference of a particular color is formed as a result of personal characteristics, previous experience, aesthetic taste, etc. in addition, the perception of color plays a significant role in the development of memory, thinking, imagination and speech. Memorizing the colors, the child learns to relate their view of the world with the demands put forward by the society. It is known that people suffering from color blindness are unable to perceive life in its entirety because of its limited consciousness. The analyzers do not recognize the beauty of diversity of colors and that is why they are experiencing some internal state of deprivation. As a rule, these people are limited in the emotional sphere: too restrained and often are not able to show feelings.
The perception of value of the subject
Value is an important characteristic of any object. The subject of activity always draws attention to the size of a particular item. An important role is played by visual sensations, tactile impressions, arising from the fact that the individual is holding an object in his hands, and his previous experience. When there is something to compare, people did not hesitate to classify an object from a class of similar objects. If preceded by a brand new object, so it will take time for the study and development of its individual properties. The perception of value of the subject – a complex process that requires the individual ability to analyze and synthesize material.
The perception of sound
Sound propagates in space with incredible speed. The human ear does not have the ability to track all moving oscillation, but can detect frequency available for its perception. Musicians have an increased sensitivity to sound and are therefore unable to build in my head the whole melody with their participation.
The perception of movement of objects
The person perceives a moving object in different ways, depending on close or far away it is. Even the same subject will attract different amounts of attention at different moments of perception. Direction, angle of view from which we look at an object depends on its location, the position of our body in space and of personal interest.
The perception of time
Orientation in time is an important part of a person’s life. Each of us lives in his own dimension, and simultaneously part of a greater whole. The perception of time depends on many factors: the degree of internal openness of the individual to the world and its treatment of others, their actions. Participation in social activities, playing philosophy sometimes form linear perception of time, when all the events that follow each other are perceived as a natural sequence. The situations in which the person mentally looking ahead and trying to guess what will happen in the future. This process involves all analyzers.
The perception of space
Position in space helps a person to orientate on the terrain: remember the location of objects, to compare their own efforts with the selected direction, see markings that may be helpful guidance in a difficult situation. Perception of space is a complex process of reflection of objects and phenomena. It includes visual, auditory, motor, tactile sensations that help build an adequate picture of the perceived object.
The constness of perception of the subject
Under the constness of perception refers to the category of relative constancy of properties, characteristics of the subject under changing external conditions. So, one and the same object being at a different distance from the subject activities, it is perceived the same way. Color, shape, size of the perceived object it does not change their characteristics and remain the same.
The constness of the perception of object shape
The constness of the perception of form is manifested in maintaining the visibility of a sense of object permanence by changing the position of the body in space. For example, if you turn a crystal vase, it does not cease to be perceived as a vase and will not, for example, a ball or a plate. Unbeknownst to ourselves we are looking at the subject, fix the gaze of his outlines, and memorize what he looks like. Subsequently, if we just spend a word that denotes a particular object, our subconscious accurately detect the image which is there deposited.
The constness of the perception of color of an object
Color, like form, encourages a person’s ability to memorize. Often the color is already associated with any object, and therefore to remember his name would not be difficult. Under the constness of color perception is commonly understood as the constant colour of color objects under changing illumination. So, when the sun goes behind the horizon, the grass, the trees and the river are perceived by the human eye in the same colors. These items do not acquire the outlines of darkness, even though we see them not so clearly. On the contrary, all objects retain their natural color, and people could accurately distinguish between them.
Individual differences in human perception of objects
Each person is unique and perceives the world from a position of self-personality. On the formation and development of man is influenced by various factors: environment, attitude of other people, the possibility of providing assistance and support from relatives and other important components. Meanwhile, being in approximately the same conditions, every individual works differently, thinks and feels the same individual. This phenomenon is explained by the fact that each of us manifests itself, the inner self that has a number of characteristic features.
People of this stock is distinguished by the ability to allocate the main thing from all that surrounds them. They are such a unique ability to separate the main from the private that we can only envy. People who have these abilities, easily able to prioritize between important and not important things, to plan its activities in accordance with internal regulations. The ability to see the thing often helps the individual in writing creative and research works when you need to discard the excess and come close to the studied problem. At the same time, the apparent lack of attention to «detail» ensures that the overlooked details that could be useful in business practice or in everyday life.
For people of this type is characterized by increased attention to details, parts, fragments. Someone, maybe they may seem insignificant and unimportant. However, it is the ability to focus on details creates the ability to see structural components of each case, since nothing is overlooked. Such a person, for example, can easily perform the verses of great masters, to reach an understanding of the depth through a detailed analysis of concepts and images.
Any activity that we do, one way or another, associated with emotions and feelings. Consciously or not, but the perception of people impact his mood, desires, ambitions. For example, if the person doesn’t want to learn anything, you will subconsciously push away from itself of every opportunity to educate themselves. Perception works in such a way to adjust and keep in mind only the necessary information. Everything that goes beyond personal choice and claims that mercilessly repelled. The man himself may not even be aware that they are losing a good chance to get a prestigious job or learn something useful. Perception of objects necessarily passes through the sphere of emotions and feelings allow the brain to absorb the information fully, the person has the opportunity to fully develop.
Thus, the perception of objects in psychological science, is based on several important components that are crucial for the formation of the whole person. The importance of emotions, the characteristics of human perception of color, shape, size, motion, underlines the depth and relevance of the above topics.