What is laziness, weakness of will or reluctance to act?
In man throughout his life fighting the two opposites – the desire for activity, which is necessary to achieve the goal, and inaction, as an indicator of low motivation and lack of need for something. In psychology, the reluctance to act, especially in a situation when it is necessary, refers to the manifestation of weakness of will (read about «the development of willpower»), and in everyday life is called simply laziness. But there’s always the question arises, what is laziness? is a negative quality will, especially the nervous system, personality characteristics or symptom of the disease. In order to clarify this, it is necessary to refer to the scientific sources that will help as objectively as possible to explain this phenomenon.
What is lazy: the difficulty of determining from the position of psychological science
Before proceeding to the analysis of the concept «laziness», it should be noted that the laziness of psychology as a separate scientific field or direction does not exist. Therefore, in the psychology of laziness most often studied from the point of view of one of the components of volitional sphere of the human personality, but rather as its negative quality. Therefore, to approach the question of what is lazy and under these term is understood by scientists-psychologists, it is necessary to study the concept of freedom as its opposite.
The will in psychology is seen as a mental process, which is based on targeted regulation of the personality of his behavior, actions and activities, and all that is necessary to achieve the goals. But since there’s a will, there will always be and its opposite – apathy, which finds its manifestation in all spheres of human life, physical and mental action of the individual. To the lack of will include human laziness, which impedes the activation of physical and mental forces of man to achieve desired result.
Thus, under laziness (translated from the Latin. lenus means sluggish and slow) in psychology see the negative quality of the will that is most often described as a lack of human (or absence) of hard work and activity to achieve the goal, the reluctance of the increase of productivity of work, as well as the advantages of free time and leisure. Laziness is called the desire of people to abandon overcoming them faced difficulties and a persistent lack of desire to make strong-willed efforts for the implementation of the action. The main reason for human laziness in psychology believe the lack of meaningful purpose and motivation.
To understand what laziness from a scientific point of view, it is necessary to analyze the state from different perspectives, namely as:
- low motivation;
- weakness of the will;
- the usual (individual) style of human activity;
- insufficient level of responsibility;
- one form of protective reaction of the human psyche;
- the inner feeling of negativity and rejection;
- the tendency to obtain pleasure;
- resource state of the psyche and a kind of human activity.
In more detail all the options understanding the laziness described in the table.
Understanding laziness in psychology
|from the point of view of the low level of motivation||Laziness is manifested in the result of the desire to do nothing and to do nothing. Like the human condition appears due to low level of motivation, which can be formed due to a number of reasons: all the others do, he has no need to satisfy their needs, sees no benefit for himself, he has a low level of achievement needs, or no clear goal. Laziness can also occur as a result of the inconsistencies of the human character structure the activity itself, for example, if introvertierten personality to put on a position where you need to keep in contact with strangers.|
|as a sign of weakness volitional sphere of personality||To achieve success in various types of human activity quite often need to make an effort. If it’s a personality weakness of will, this activity can stop and not produce any results. This can be regarded as a manifestation of laziness. Thus, many psychologists consider laziness as the opposite of strong will, a manifestation of human underdevelopment of self-control, self-control and self-regulation.|
|from the position of the individual style of human activity||Here laziness is considered as habitual (conscious or spontaneous) style of behavior and human action that enables him to keep a balance between their individuality and the external reality (external environment).|
|as a consequence of insufficient level of responsibility||Quite often, laziness is considered a manifestation of the irresponsibility of human behavior, when a person refuses the case, fearing the possible consequences. That is easier to do nothing than because of their actions and behavior to be «extreme» (guilty).|
|as a form of defensive reaction||Thanks to the laziness of the human nervous system is resting. Such a manifestation is necessary when a person knowingly can’t find time for vacation, which is why in this way his mind and body looking for this opportunity.|
|as a result of the existence of internal negativity||Here laziness is seen as a result of the fact that people have a negative attitude to a specific activity or for a long time shows a comfortable behavior (an internal contradiction, for example, with the actions of the team, with the full support of this externally).|
|from the point of view of tendencies to receive pleasure||In this context, laziness interpretiruya as the human desire to get from your activity fun, so if there is no fun, there is a refusal of action. Also we should not forget that nothing brings the most relaxation and therefore laziness may subsequently become a habitual way of life.|