Children with autism — how to organize with kids-autistic
Autism was the diagnosis of your child. Of course, for this turn, few psychologically ready. Therefore, many parents heard about child disease, despair. Won’t say the usual words that all will be well. What would be really good, and what you will need to make the effort and considerable. After all, with a diagnosis of infantile autism your child will have to live the rest of their days. But how? It is entirely up to you.
Gather my thoughts, and to begin with, let anyone, including yourself to blame. No this is definitely not your fault. The cause of autism in children is still nobody knows. There are many thoughts, but they are still little justified. But the prevalence of autism in children around the world already makes many to think. According to the latest data, in the United States by 2025, every second child will have autism symptoms, if today seriously to approach the explanation of its causes.
Children with autism — the beginning of all beginnings
So, after your child was diagnosed with «infantile autism», you need to suck it up and continue to educate, develop and care for the baby, but in a different way. For this offer to consult with professionals such as teacher, speech pathologist or psychologist who already have experience with children with autism and can provide detailed characterization of the psychological state of your child and also offer the shape and direction of remedial classes with him.
No matter what kind of childhood autism have not been delivered to your child, you need to create the most comfortable conditions for its development. What matters is that you acted in a complex, but not chaotic. Understand that you are ready to do anything for the health of your own child. But the constant, replacement of some of the techniques on others will never lead to positive results at the kid that has a syndrome of early infantile autism.
A comprehensive approach needs to cover medical support for the child’s health, and intensive psycho-pedagogical activities that will meet the state of its development. You should be prepared to pay the maximum amount of time to practice with him (at least 5 hours a day). And see what results you will be pleased and your toddler will soon be able to understand you, then go to school and become independent. After all, autism in children, the treatment and correction subject.
By the way, among famous people also have autism. Ask their names and biographies and it will give you strength.
How to develop a child with the syndrome of autism before 3 years
As infantile autism affects different aspects of development of the child, we take special care at this age should give such areas:
First of all, for patients with infantile autism characterized by disorders of tonic regulation. Therefore, you should consult with an expert and learn:
- to activate any manifestations of the child;
- perform a little exercise on the distribution of muscular tension;
- master various methods of removing it voltage.
This body work is an important direction needed for effective intervention at the comprehensive formation of the psyche of the child because the tonic regulation is the Foundation of good mental development. It is very important to develop the functions of both General and fine motor skills, feeling the static and dynamic balance, hand-eye coordination. Especially if the symptoms of autism in a child of 2 years was detected early.
Attention! During class it is impossible to stop at one sort of learned movement. Knowing the tendency of children who have childhood autism, to the stereotypes in each lesson expand your range of motion and be sure to give them value.
Despite the fact that a child with infantile autism very often no movement, no emotions, no sounds, no eye does not respond to activity adult aimed in his direction, yet his life should be filled with variety and emotion. Parents should constantly talk with him, and much more than would be needed for the child with typical development. Autism in children, any manifestation you need to pick up and call. Especially if the symptoms of autism in children under one year were discovered.
Very well during various procedures (bathing, playing, rocking) to include specially selected music. Nice to mother also sang and the child’s name, and various requests to it, and stories, etc. Because autistic children respond better to music than ordinary speech.
To talk to these children need a calm and quiet voice. And if you want to stimulate the baby to certain manifestations, our tone should be emotional, good-natured, without pressure and pressure.
It is clear that a child suffering from infantile autism, is unable to use speech with a communicative purpose, so parents should do it for him, that is, to Express his request, to build dialogue, to answer for him to call words, all that he does. Even if you think that the child does not react to your words, do not despair, keep talking, make all the possible actions and experiences. For example, the child approaches mother and taking her by the arm to the table where the bowl of water. Mom must comment on all the actions of the kid: «mom, give me a hand. Went to the table. I want to drink. Give me a mug of water.» It has been proved that autistic children are all well-perceived and well learn heard, although the reverse reaction is late. Over time the child will learn to understand that words are directly associated with actions and objects. And then he will begin to formalize their thoughts, feelings and actions.In order that the child learned to speak, need to pick up all of its audio manifestations. Listen to what the kid says, repeat it and try to give it meaning, describing a similar word. This is especially important when signs of autism in a child under one year have already been discovered.
An important direction in remedial classes while working with such children, should be the development of attention, namely concentration. Before you begin to teach the child this, we emphasize that autistic people mainly use peripheral vision. So they look turns diffuse. And then there is a feeling that such people look through you. But in order to teach someone how to follow someone’s words and movements, you must first force him to follow the lips, face, and to learn how to examine objects. It is impossible to achieve without the concentration of view, that is the focus.
Consequently, when autistic children should be forced to be attentive. For this we recommend: bring your palms to the temples of the baby and make them something like shore. The child is not able now to look to the side, and he will have to put his eyes on you. You have to catch it, and something to say. It is very important for the further development of the baby. He will begin to learn to focus on objects and people.
Important role in the development of autistic children playing sensory system. But they have, as a rule, works in part because many of its functions are not included. Therefore, when the autism in children can be observed:
- fragmentary perception of external information, since they can’t reproduce a complete picture of everything that happens around them;
- significant difficulties during the simultaneous perception of information (if he hears, sees, or Vice versa).
- decrease or increase the sensitivity threshold to external stimuli (inability to hear sounds or see the world or their total rejection).
As you can see, autism in children, causes disorders associated with the perception of external stimuli, which are responsible for the organization of the nervous system. As a result of such violations of the brain is not able to perceive the information that comes through the senses, and to generalize it in the images of perception, and then the concept.
The theory of sensory integration, in turn, emphasizes the importance of proper development and integration of basic senses: touch, smell, taste, vision, hearing and vestibular apparatus. From a successful outcome of this process depends on the formation of the whole scheme of the body, coordination of movement, attention, and emotional balance. It was the combination of all these processes in the future will be the basis of such complex processes, such as speech, reading ability, numeracy or writing.
Experts recommend the use of therapy by the method of sensory integration, which from the side looks like a normal game. This science-based system of classes, by which the nervous system acquires the ability to integrate sensory sensations and to use them in practice. The main objective of these lessons is to teach the brain to react to external stimuli. You can use the swing, platform for training of balance, large balls, skateboards. Such classes is important if you have detected signs of autism in a child up to 3 years.
Very useful may also be the following games:
- Adults write the letter on the palm, on the back, on the baby’s tummy, and the baby tries to guess.
- Skating on the big balls.
- Compression of a rubber pear.
- Movement the eyes follow objects that move with the flashlight beam.
- Education account during movement exercises.
- Drawing all the fingers or various objects.
- The delineation of private body parts.
- Reproduction of figures.
- Ball game.
- Exercises with targets.
Pay attention to the fact that the adults in these classes should show the child who suffers from infantile autism, that the world is multi-faceted and beautiful. You should try to learn every day. Then he will need to learn something new and would like to develop properly all the senses. Especially if it is autism, symptoms of which manifested themselves in children up to 3 years. Give your child more joy! He will understand and learn to perceive the world in a holistic picture. It is very important for his future everyday life in the family, school, well over time – and into the adult INDEPENDENT life.
Autism in children not a rare disease today. There are many methods of treatment. But it is widely recognized throughout the world method intervention on children with autism «Son-Rise», which was developed by spouses Kaufmann, who tried to find the most effective ways of interaction with their year-old son. The whole point of training is to gradually saturate the life of a child with infantile autism by external stimuli. Kaufmann argued that successive classes will definitely give a positive result. The principles are as follows:
- Joining adult to stereotypical behaviour of a child gives a clue to understand it. This makes it easier to establish visual contact, develops interaction and gives you the opportunity to join the child’s play.
- Creating a safe space for both work and play, in which no one and nothing distracts the child’s attention, and the mood most comfortable for learning and development.
- Teaching children with autism through play contributes to the effective and meaningful interaction and communication.
- Learning and acquiring new skills is only possible by relying on the motivation of the child.
- Only the enthusiasm and interest of adults can cause a child’s sustained interest in learning, communication and interaction.
- Strengthen the motivation for learning will only judgmental attitude of adults to his actions.
Well thought out and consistent work begun with the child at an early age will definitely give a positive result, because autism in children is correctable.
Development of the child with infantile autism from 3 to 7 years
The baby grows up, and he needs to move to the next stage of development. But autism in children has many faces. If the child is characteristic of a disorder of autistic type in a continuous stereotyped manifestations, screeching or screaming, autoagressive or aggression towards others, the activities should be carried out individually. But once you see that the child can be with other children, as he has a mild form of autism, be sure to take the opportunity to continue training in the microgroup. It is extremely important to him. Lessons in these groups should be conducted by specialists who are familiar with the problems of infantile autism, as training is necessary to fill in all possible and necessary for a toddler activities: music, painting, speech development, games, physical exercises and intellectual tasks. Important components of the correctional autism in children are communication and interaction. Sometimes the child is difficult to involve in group sessions. Nothing terrible, albeit watching from the side. But the art teacher will be to attach it to the joint activity.
Well enough on the condition of the child with infantile autism impact exercises on horseback. Classes is also a great help to stimulate the development of psychomotor sphere. And this, in the first place, hold the tonic-regulation, coordination of movements, sense of balance. The horse, as a rule, causes positive emotions in patients with infantile autism. During the ride the child has to fit her body to the movements of the animal to be kept on it. So there is a new skill, which we consider as the interaction with the surrounding world, which is important in autism in children. In addition, the temperature of the horse’s body above the temperature of the human body. As well as exercises performed on the animal without saddle, the warmth that a child suffering from infantile autism, experiences with the horse and relieves his tension. These classes create the conditions to weaken autistic protection. As a result, there is a possibility to productively influence the development of the child. Such moments are good to use in order to carry out verbal dialogue, communication using gestures. After all, when a child decreases emotional stress, it can perceive information from the outside. This gives you the opportunity to fully develop children’s autism.
Quite a painstaking must be the work of a speech therapist. Its main task is not learning the purity of sound pronunciation and the correctness of the construction of words in a sentence, and the explanation to the child that children with autism why we need it and what is the need of communication.
Autism in children different causes and signs, so correzione fields of study chosen by the parents based on what they see needs and opportunities of their child.
In addition to the planned lesson plan and its consistent implementation, parents must continue to implement a special approach of interaction with the child at home. The main idea is to facilitate the adaptation of the child, children with autism, life and productive contacts with other people.
Home reading can be a activity that will help to establish an emotional contact with the child and to develop certain social skills. It is better to read, placing the baby in his arms. Tactile sensations enhance the contact of parents with a child with childhood autism. It is desirable to develop literary images slowly, step by step, giving them emotional color. It is appropriate to read the book several times. This will help the child to better understand the characters, carry the situation, and adopting a model of communication will increase confidence and reduce anxiety.
In addition to home reading, parents can apply the method of collaborative drawing. When you draw, it is necessary actively to describe all that is depicted, to patiently explain to the child that the child’s autism, the sequence of drawing, to name each item. If the child shows no desire to draw on their own, the adults help him. In this joint activity parents can do to paint, for example, the doll, but «forget» to portray her leg. They ask the child to finish what is necessary. This work positively affects the development of perception and representations of the baby, teaches him to interact with adults.
Also useful are family rituals. For example evening ritual can consist of walks, tea, reading, massage etc. All this will contribute to the preparation of the child suffering from infantile autism, before bedtime.
Every day talking with your child parents special attention should be paid to the development of his communication skills. Repetition, pronunciation, play important for a child situations contributes to the creation of new models of reality which will help him later in life.
The pre-school child with infantile autism
Summarised indicators of child’s readiness for school learning can be represented as follows:
- General psychological readiness (indicators of intellectual and sensorimotor development);
- special readiness (achieving the pre-school programmes);
- the overall personal readiness (self-regulation activities, the adequacy of communication with adults and peers, positive attitude towards learning).
Special attention should be paid to the indicators of psycho-physical readiness of a child to the school, and it is:
- physical and psychomotor development;
- personal and socio-psychological maturity;
- intellectual development.
So, psycho-physical readiness of a child with special educational needs is first of all, the complex of qualities and characteristics that indicate that the child has reached an appropriate level of physical, motor and intellectual development and can build social interaction.
In order for a child, infantile autism, can attend school, parents should make sure that it meets all of the listed aspects. In case of discrepancy of indicators, you need to make every effort to obtain them. While working with a child suffering from infantile autism, doesn’t stop working with a good development of the psychomotor sphere. Need to continue to develop his sense of balance, hand-eye coordination, gross and fine motor skills. Because of their lack of development indicates that the symptoms of autism in children. So they need to constantly adjust.
Now I would like to highlight the following important prerequisites for successful learning as self-regulation and self-regulation, and the ability to interact with other people.
As for arbitrary, it refers to such skills:
- independent execution of sequential actions;
- reproduction of visual patterns;
- planning and control of their actions;
- the ability to act on oral instructions;
- the subordination of their actions to the rules.
Close to these skills and manifestation of self-regulation:
- the ability for targeted action;
- the possession of his emotional state.
Child, childhood autism, experiences considerable difficulties in the formation of goal-directed behavior and ability to concentrate. Being surrounded by many distractions, he has a number of side associations that make it impossible to perform the task correctly. In addition, the possible impulsive reactions, which are difficult to explain and understand, and this means that the possible undesirable effects.
But if the child, childhood autism, has enough intelligence, he can easily comply with the formal requirements:
- to cancel the text;
- to answer the questions;
- raise your hand when you know the answer to the question.
When performing more meaningful requirements it can be difficulties that cause aggressive behavior or complete cessation of work. As you can see, autism in children causes all sorts of unpredictable reactions, so the job should match their capabilities.
With regard to the formation of important preconditions of educational activity, as the ability to interact with others, unfortunately, it is possible to speak about full absence of the ability to participate fully in joint activities, to communicate, to listen, to empathize emotionally. Children with infantile autism experience significant difficulties when you need to ask the teacher, ask for help, to Express their opinion and to defend it, to act in accordance with the rules, terms and conditions.
These challenges are not discrete. They are formed as a result of interrelated situational problems. The low level of arbitrariness, as a rule, is accompanied by lack of motivation to learn, and such peculiarities of mental organization, as lack of self-control and inability to use language to communicate, make it impossible the communication of children with infantile autism with peers and adults.
Modern researchers have noted that autism in children often is difficult, so the ability to fit into the school life of the East is very small. So if you do not organize special training, the majority of these children remain outside the educational process will be educated.
Typically, during training the child to school great attention is paid to the development of his learning skills. Thus from the field of view produced a level of proficiency in them household skills, ability to respond adequately to what is happening around, interact with other members of society. Therefore, you must first learn the rules of school life, and then develop academic skills.
If we talk about rules of school life, refers to two things: the clear structure of the school day and school paraphernalia. The child suffering from infantile autism, should be pre-established patterns of behavior associated with school attributes: the class, call, Desk, Board, portfolio, homework, assessment.
In class the child may be a few assistants, but the teacher should be the main subject of school life. The structure of the school day is formed a clear, no unforeseen circumstances that can knock a child off track. If you want to make changes in the working day, they are held in stages. An important moment of school life is change. For autistic children it is the greatest challenge, as it has no clear structure. Here the main thing-to teach children in class to interact with these children.
Strengthening the role of the emergency activity of a child contributes to his personal growth. Unlike normal children, in which each stage of development is replaced by itself, autistic children «get stuck» at each level of development, as their activity is very low. This and the difficulties of childhood autism, the symptoms of which, in every period of development become visible. Therefore, it is necessary to organize the environment so that every activity of the child was clear and accepted, that will motivate him to action, and it is an excellent resource for an optimal stay in the society.
Preliminary modeling of the lesson will help the child with autism to learn how to use language as a means of communication. He should be able to ask and answer questions, to ask for help.
During the simulation of the lesson children are taught to sit in the classroom, listening to the teacher, to use the briefcase, a pencil, go to the Board, to hear instruction, to ask for help. This gives you the opportunity not only to obtain certain skills necessary for involvement in school life, as well as relieve fear and anxiety before the new school will make the situation familiar and predictable.
For a child with autism, like any other kid needed a positive experience in children’s team. Therefore, it is necessary to pre-meet with the teacher, who should call the child’s trust, to learn to navigate in the room where it will be leaking his school life. If the child has a mild form of autism, he will quickly get used to school life.
The value of process maps in the training of a child with autism
The world is incomprehensible to a child who suffers from infantile autism. He is not always able to tie together events, people, sounds, images. He never traces the logical connections between the realities that surround it. Therefore, much remains to him obscure.
The first step in working with such children at school should be the formation of motivation to learn, not a requirement to master all the material. Autistic children then perform actions when they are clearly planned for the child to be confident in what to do first, following the order of activities, how to complete.
This can be done in the office where the child lives with autism, to hang functional maps in the form of drawings and symbols will be marked all the actions in order, for example, on a Cabinet drawn diagram, how to take a walk. Such schemes can be hung in the bathroom, on the desktop, in the nursery.
Sometimes an autistic child needs physical assistance in the implementation of the action. Then the adults take it in your hands and show you how to do it. Remember that physical contact helps reduce anxiety in the baby. Autistic children find it difficult to learn new actions, but they always want to do well. Therefore I suggest first to give such tasks, with which they successfully cope.
Children with autism very often tire quickly, both physically and psychologically. So they need the rhythm of your work, frequently change from one activity to another. To do this, suggest to think and to write individual tasks on the cards, which will be offered to the child when he tired to work with everyone.
A child with autism is poorly oriented in space and time. Suggest to make a plan of group or class, the whole school, which will indicate the location of all necessary objects. You also need to make the day using symbols and images. But to make and hang the diagram, it is not everything. Need, taking them in hand, to travel with your child, recognizing and naming objects. At first the child refuses to repeat the names, so the teacher has to do it himself.
If a child refuses to accept the rules, do not impose it. Look at what he wants to do and how, just play along with him. The main thing is to establish a real contact.
Autism in children, signs of which are clearly manifested in everyday life, should best be neutralized with the help of personal contact between adult and child. You will learn how to plan a day with your child. In the evening or in the morning directly draw all the events that will occur during the day. The child will be ready for the situation, and it will not cause negativity.
Be attentive to children who suffer from infantile autism, and you will succeed!