Adaptation of the child to the kindergarten
Kindergarten is the place where the child spends most of their preschool time. Kindergarten is the first social institution in which the kid has to be, to interact with other children. This is where the children learn to communicate with each other, to build friendships, share toys, etc. Every child entering kindergarten, do not pass a complex adaptation process.
Adaptation is a process of accustoming the child to the group, teachers, other children. Often requirements that apply to the child’s admission to the children’s educational institution, is quite high. The child needs time to addictive went smoothly and painlessly without leaving rough marks on the psyche. Adaptation of the child – is a complex psychological process, which may be accompanied by various negative manifestations. Parents and caregivers should be friendly and considerate. During this period, it is important to help your child, support him and reassure.
Features the child’s adaptation to kindergarten
Kindergarten at first it seems the little man a very unpleasant place in the world. First, the child is separated from mother – the most close and dear person. Second, it must be in their first team and take his or her individual place. Both make very difficult. Support the adult at this stage is very important because without such assistance, toddler or withdraw into themselves or become aggressive. What are some tips you should take into account parents and carers?
Change the mode of the day
Being in the family, the child lives in a certain rhythm and mode. When he entered kindergarten, his life is changing rapidly. Change the mode of the day, which is not so easy to adapt. The baby is not easy to get used to when to eat, when to sleep or Wake up. At home all these actions were carried out in very different times. In order for the adaptation to the kindergarten went easier, it is recommended in the home to observe the same schedule. Regular habits will help the child to quickly adapt to the new environment.
Addictive to the group
Should take into account the fact that the child is not always easy to get used to the atmosphere of the group. He doesn’t like something in outer space. Not all children always develop a good relationship. Children, especially in a small age, not yet able to make friends, to consider and take someone else’s point of view. We need to teach them to Express their emotions, to show their best qualities of character (as they have with each kid). Sometimes taking the child in the evening from the kindergarten, the parents noted that he became nervous and irritable. It is for this reason that during the day, attended by some intra-group conflict. Perhaps they were not expressed or resolved in a timely manner.
The health of the child
Enrolling a child in kindergarten, parents need to be prepared for the fact that his health may soon be reduced significantly. This phenomenon has become a major feature of adaptation. Child’s immune system begins to develop rapidly. The disease is a protective reaction of the little man. His body learns to adapt to changing conditions. At home, he was in an isolated environment, where possible always prevail purity, love and attention. Kindergarten carries unfamiliar smells, sounds and thrills. The child learns to socialize with other children, suddenly, instantly infected from a sick classmate. Usually, entering kindergarten, the child began to be sick every two weeks or even more often.
The opportunity to Express themselves
Each child has their own individual characteristics. If you want in the future to see their child successful, give him the opportunity to Express your personality. To raise a happy person, it is necessary to create the appropriate conditions in reality. The process of adaptation to a kindergarten is sometimes accompanied by conflict situations. In them the child learns to defend his point of view, to Express their own feelings. Not disturb him in this. Do not try to turn a kid into a robot, which needs to live up to its older expectations. Your son or daughter in the team must be able to prove himself. Make him feel important, significant, accepted and loved. Only then the child will go to kindergarten with pleasure, without making parents loud tantrums in the morning.
The desire to be noticed
Another feature of adaptation is the need to be noticed in the group. If this does not happen, the child can openly provoke a quarrel, go to the conflict, and even fight. Some educators are faced with swearing their little pupils and clutching his head. In any case, it is necessary to remember that such behavior is motivated by the desire to be noticed by the team. All these negative manifestations can be part of adaptation, habituation of the child to the new place.
The longing for the mother
The child, when they are in kindergarten, suffers from severe anxiety and fear. These emotions are caused by not just a change of a setting, and longing for the closest person – mom. Even an adult can be difficult to find a common language with colleagues in the new team. Child scared to be alone in an unfamiliar place. All actions of the teacher and the other kids cause he had a fear that it reacts with mistrust, hysteria, additional whims. As long as the baby is not aware that in kindergarten with him nothing bad will happen, he will continue to cry. Crying here is a way to draw attention to themselves. You should consider such a feature adaptation as expressed longing for the mother. The child must feel and know that parents will take him home and not leave «with someone else’s aunt» forever.
The degree of adaptation of the child in kindergarten
Depending on the conditions of the kindergarten addictive baby is lighter or heavier. It should be noted three main levels of adaptation, which indicate the psychological state of the baby, especially its nervous system.
Light adaptation is characterized by rapid habituation of the child to the new social environment. Child just a week begins to freely navigate in space, to know everyone in person, establish a friendly relationship with classmates. Mild is rarer than medium and heavy. With this approach, the children are less tired, less show aggression and isolation. In most cases a mild degree of addiction, the child is rarely sick and misses intra-group classes, freely comes into contact with their peers.
The average degree
The average degree of adaptation is characterized by a rather long addiction. The child for a long time could not understand why his mother took him to the facility, and why it took so long for him comes. The kid two or three years did not understand the meaning of stay in a public building. He sees a lot of kids but does not realize that every parents return in the evening. If you watch the reaction of the baby, it becomes clear that he thinks the mother leaves him forever. Every time he is going through a separation with her like last time. For a child under three years of age, separation from mother is a great tragedy. He doesn’t know how to behave in unfamiliar surroundings, does not know what is going on with him, can not control own feelings.
In severe degree of adaptation of the child for a long time can not enter the children’s collective. On the morning farewell with his mother, he responds with a storm of screaming ending in a tantrum. This kid is often sick, refuses to go to kindergarten, does not adhere to the rules of conduct, tries to thwart the caregiver sensitive moments, distracting and draws the attention of other children. Severe degree of addiction is characterized as a rule, sleep disturbance, loss of appetite, sometimes there is a disorder of the chair. The child becomes nervous, out of control and helpless at the same time. By their conduct, it requires the participation trying to attract the attention of those nearby. Unfortunately, not every person is able to understand and make the right decision.
The time of the child’s adaptation to kindergarten
Many parents are interested in is a legitimate question: how much time a child needs for successful adaptation? It should be noted that this is a complex process which depends on many factors. Here we should not rush and try to fit the child, to force him to adapt to the established order. Adaptation to kindergarten is held each baby individually. The adaptation time depends solely on the following important points.
The health of the child
The more physically fit and hardy baby, the easier it will be to adapt to constantly changing conditions in the kindergarten. The health of the child is paramount here. Otherwise, the child is sick often, which will adversely affect its internal state, he can become nervous and irritable.
Here there is a rather moot point. There is a perception that the process of adaptation to kindergarten is influenced by the age of the child. But here the experts disagree. Some say that the younger the child, the easier it is to survive the separation from the mother and other family members. Others argue that older children adapt better to kindergarten because of the development of a certain consciousness. Not being accustomed to attending kindergarten from a half to two years, the child becomes difficult to fully adapt in three to four years.
Many in the process of adaptation to a kindergarten depends on the individual peculiarities of the personality. Shy and quiet child more difficult to endure separation than sociable and lively. Of course, the flexible babe is convenient for the caregiver: he will not go anywhere, not cause any trouble. However, not being able to put my emotions in kindergarten, the child accumulates their confidence, which can positively impact both health and adaptation in General.
The advice of a psychologist
If you decide to give the child to kindergarten, then follow these tips of a psychologist. So you will help your child to adjust in kindergarten the most favorable way. Many parents get lost in basic situations, due to the lack of the necessary experience and do not know how best to proceed. The advice of a psychologist to help cope with this difficult task.
Don’t leave it for long
In the first days you should restrict hours to two or three. Otherwise the baby will not be able to adapt to the environment and will long crying. Just imagine what a big stress for him is the isolation from family and long stay in an unfamiliar place. Here it’s difficult to choose any, what can we say about the little boy who just started to live.
Acquaintance with the group
Introduce your favorite child to the kindergarten in advance. Let the child gradually gets used to the carers, children, the environment. Then the process of adaptation to kindergarten will be much easier. You can start to come to the group just to meet you, to see in what conditions the children. This will benefit both you as parents and the child. The baby will not be frightened when you bring him back next time.
They will help to overcome the internal conflict that arises from the fact that the child does not understand why they have to stay in kindergarten, while loving and caring mother leaves him. Be sure to explain that will take him back home. Would be even better if the parents don’t just silently take their child to the kindergarten, but in two words tell about what is this place and what it meant. Home conversation can be very useful, especially if you suspect that the process of adaptation will take place in your baby is difficult.
Thus, adaptation of the child to kindergarten is a complex and multilevel process. The challenge for parents now is to help him to overcome fears, overcome anxiety.