Vaccination schedule for children

Modern medicine is rapidly developing, and scientists are constantly creating new vaccines against various diseases. Some parents, fearing unexpected reactions of the baby to the introduction of the drug, I prefer not to do injections to children. However, there is a compulsory vaccination schedule, approved by the Russian health Department.

What is the vaccination calendar

Calendar of preventive vaccines

Vaccination is a mandatory procedure, the control of which rests on pediatricians. The vaccination calendar provides detailed information on at what age and what diseases a child is instilled. At the moment every kid who was born in Russia, subject to mandatory vaccination, in accordance with the established list. The list of vaccinations and any changes to it must be approved by the order Ministry of health of the country.

In any state has its own vaccination schedule for children, approved by the competent authorities. Pediatrician vaccinates strictly within the framework of existing schedules. Individual vaccination schedule is drawn up, if the children were born prematurely or have certain health problems. In this case, the form of vaccination establishes a pediatrician oversees the medical conditions.

Parents have the right to decide which vaccines and when they will deliver your child. Some are convinced of the futility of this procedure, which leads them to the signing of a formal refusal of the vaccination Department. This issue is constantly discussed and creates a lot of controversy, however, before to write refusal, should think twice and consult with experts.

Not to do routine vaccinations to those children who have discovered any signs of Allergy or infectious disease, but vaccination is necessarily performed after full recovery of the baby. Immediately after inoculation of the disease, the doctor will not put, he will write a medical withdrawal for 14 days, because the child’s body is weak and can’t deal with protective functions. Additionally, before inoculation tests.

The national immunization schedule

Immunization schedule from birth to 18 years

It is very important to vaccinate children from birth (the first vaccination is done in the hospital), because this will save them from early serious infection. Vaccination schedules for children in Russia and European countries is very similar. However, in Europe, not put BCG: according to doctors, this is not necessary. In Ukraine also there are some differences from the Russian plan. Here the vaccination against hepatitis b is put according to the scheme 0-1-6″, and DTP do in 3, 4 and 5 months. Prevention of pneumococcal infection by the Ukrainian Ministry of health does not provide.

Vaccination schedule in Russia

The use of inactivated vaccines help to produce the protective function only if you have completed a full course of injections, which contains 2-3 injections. In addition, children need revaccination in the future (additional vaccinations to maintain immunity). Immunization schedule children includes all the procedures are shown by age. The baby in the hospital received the first injection against hepatitis B within 12 hours after birth. Vaccination schedule for children, approved by the Ministry of health, contains information about how many times what vaccinations and when to do it.

National calendar list provides for prevention of the following diseases:

  1. Rubella, mumps (mumps). Instill a one-year, boosted 6-year-old children.
  2. Hepatitis St. Vaccinations are put through 12 hours after birth, 30 days, 6 months.
  3. Polio, diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus. Vaccinated children 3, 4, 5, and 6-month, eighteen months of age (rate).
  4. TB. Instill kids 3-7 day after birth, revaktsinirujut 7-year-old.
  5. Kir. Instill a one-year, boosted 6-year-old children.

Immunization schedule for children

The schedule of vaccinations in the table

Prophylactic vaccination is necessary for protection from dangerous diseases. For the child’s body many diseases are destructive and dangerous development of serious complications. Sometimes the infection ends in death. Taking into account the place of residence parents may be offered paid and free injections against typhoid, rabies or cholera. Table of vaccinations by age, which are all Russians, are presented below.

Vaccination schedule up to a year

Vaccinations newborn months
The age of the baby Name Vaccine Contraindications
  • 1 day, 1 month, 2 months (if there is evidence), six months, one year (children from risk groups)
Hepatitis B A solution containing HBsAg protein
  • birth weight less than 2 kg;
  • CNS;
  • immunodeficiency;
  • intrauterine infection;
  • hemolytic disease
  • 3-7 days after birth
Tuberculosis BCG
  • 2 and 4.5 months
Pneumococcal infection «Prevenar», «Synflorix Vaccines»
  • 3 and 4.5 months
Tetanus DTP
Whooping cough
Diphtheria
Polio OPS
  • 12 months
Kir «Priorix»
Mumps «Priorix»
Rubella «Arovax»
  • With 6 months
Flu «Influvak»

Year to 3 years

When you put Name Vaccine Contraindications
  • Is not previously vaccinated according to the scheme 0-1-6
Hepatitis B A solution containing HBsAg protein
  • CNS;
  • immunodeficiency;
  • colds;
  • Allergy
  • Every year
Flu «Influvak»
  • If not previously vaccinated
Rubella, measles «Priorix»
  • According to the testimony
Haemophilus influenzae «Synflorix vaccines»

To 14 years

When you put Name Vaccine Contraindications
6 years
  • rubella,
  • Kir
«Priorix»
  • CNS;
  • immunodeficiency;
  • colds;
  • Allergy
7 years
  • tetanus;
  • diphtheria;
  • tuberculosis
DTP
13 years (if not previously vaccinated)
  • rubella;
  • measles;
  • viral hepatitis
«Priorix», a solution containing HBsAg protein
14 years (if not previously vaccinated)
  • tetanus;
  • diphtheria;
  • tuberculosis;
  • polio
BCG, DPT, OPV

Video: national calendar of preventive vaccinations

Reviews

Anna, 35 years:DPT according to schedule make three times intermittently. The shot is in the leg, after my daughter had a fever, sore injection site. The second time tolerated the procedure easily. The last time was less successful, because we are instilled immediately after the disease that caused the symptoms of common cold, so don’t do DTP, if a baby has a weakened immune system.

Gianna, 32 years:did a test in school and greatly suffered adverse symptoms. I believe that the protective function of the body is not fully recovered but the doctors decided that all is well. The result was positive, sent to a TB dispensary. Spent test «Diskin», the suspicion was not confirmed. In the map posted by: allergic to PPD (BCG).

Marina, 29 years:We planted the son according to the schedule set by the Ministry of health. All the injection set, as expected, the data entered in the card. Several vaccinations are already set, everything was fine. However, the latter (measles, mumps, rubella) caused a bad reaction. For a long time treated redness on the Pope, and then ceased to be vaccinated.

Понравилась статья? Поделиться с друзьями:
Добавить комментарий

;-) :| :x :twisted: :smile: :shock: :sad: :roll: :razz: :oops: :o :mrgreen: :lol: :idea: :grin: :evil: :cry: :cool: :arrow: :???: :?: :!: