The lymph node under the arm
The lymphatic system is the body’s filter that protects the person from many diseases. Important organs of this structure are the lymph nodes, which are located in different places: in the groin, neck, under the arms, under the knees. A small-size particles serve an important biological role. Find out about their correct location and normal condition.
Location axillary lymph nodes
The localized lymph nodes in the cavity in the tissue of the base of the hand. Axillary lymph nodes are divided into two groups: surface and internal. All the particles of the lymphatic system in the human body designed so that they are responsible for the nearby organs. If a person has enlarged lymph nodes, this is a signal of inflammation areas of the body infection. Pain, redness, a significant increase – a reason to pay attention to the condition.
Normal size lymph nodes
The size of lymph nodes depends on age category, physique of the human body and hormonal levels. Standard sizes range from 0.3 to 16 mm in length. Newborns to palpate the lymph nodes are hard, but during the maturation of the child particle size comes to normal, to the first year of life is already half obtained their details. The lymph node in the armpit region should not be more than a centimeter, as well as neck. Reaction to variety of infections is observed in most cases to the age of three.
How many lymph nodes under the arm and where they are
Inflamed lymph node under my arm the doctor will be able to probe and assess the status of popularnosti. In the hollows under the arms occurs about 5-10 nodes, each of which can be of different sizes: 10 mm and more. The patient to the doctor was easier to explore the area, brings his hands slightly to the side. Straight or slightly bent fingers the doctor is in the depth of the depression armpit to stop along the bone of the shoulder. After that time, the patient lowers his hands, and the doctor, pressing his fingers to the rib of the back, lowered movements down a bit. Repeat the procedure 2-3 times.
Inflammation and enlargement of the lymph nodes under the arms
The axillary lymph nodes of the body are very sensitive. In the presence of inflammatory processes begin in the nearest organs, infectious lesions, they tend to gain volume. Inflamed lymph node under my arm? Urgently pay attention to the signals you body such painful symptoms. The pain and inflamed axillary lymph nodes suggests that the next bodies prone to disease.
Sometimes an increase in plots is triggered by other diseases that are accompanied by additional symptoms. Inflammation of the lymph nodes under the mouse appears these main symptoms:
- swollen lymph plots in size;
- pain when you tap, you tap (sometimes throbbing);
- temperature rise;
- sharp deterioration of health;
- the emergence of a strong fever;
- wounds in the foci of disease, boils, ulcers.
The cause of the inflammation
The root causes inflammation of the lymph nodes is:
- Colds, infectious diseases and angina. A protective response of the immune system against malicious infections, viruses manifest themselves by the production of white blood cells that fight bacteria. These bacteria deposited in the lymph nodes, which become inflamed.
- Folliculitis. Inflammation of the hair follicle causing pain in the joints, redness and fever.
- Diseases of the mammary glands. Inflammation of inguinal lymph nodes in women is often associated with breast or other breast disease. Identified acute during pregnancy, menstruation.
If you are ill
In the case that the process of increasing node-defenders of the immune system occurs with pain, then the reason for this:
- the neglect of treatment of the lymph nodes;
- infectious diseases;
- the development of purulent processes that often provoke bacteria Staphylococcus, Streptococcus;
- festering sores;
- erysipelas of plots;
- the boil or carbuncle;
- the decay of bacteria with subsequent irritation of the tissues, re-infected;
The initial stage is not always acute for the patient. If the lymph node under the mouse is enlarged, but is not sick, it is a signal that the disease process is only at an early stage. After some time, by pressing lightly on the swollen areas may feel the pain, sometimes throbbing. The transition stage is painful may not be time-limited, so as soon as you saw that swollen lymph nodes, it is better to consult a specialist.
If enlarged lymph nodes in the armpits, which doctor to turn to? The oncologist, surgeon or breast physician will help you establish the cause of the disease and to carry out the treatment after the conduct required studies, ultrasound diagnostics (ultrasound) and tests. If there is suspicion of the presence of tumors in the body, that the analysis for tumor markers.
How to treat lymph nodes under the arm? It all depends on the reasons that caused the inflammation. If the person was subject to viral infection, then a week, without special treatment, symptoms increase in plots will be held. A serious approach therapy require lymph glands when a person is sick with leukemia, cancer, lymphoma. If the glands swell for no apparent reason, it is impossible to postpone a visit to a specialist, the reasons can be a threat to the life of the organism.
Axillary lymphadenitis and lymphadenopathy
By themselves, cancer of the lymphatic system is not increased, so pay particular attention to checking the body for other diseases. Lymphadenitis or lymphadenopathy (lymphopenia) is increasing, the inflamed nodes, sometimes with purulent process. If the disease is caused by a virus, bacteria, the symptoms will go away once a person has been ill. Other causes are cancer, direct trauma.
Of a single scheme of treatment in this case is not, for therapy should use not one method, but complex. You should always treat the infection that caused the disease in the lymph nodes. Often used compresses, which are prohibited in purulent secretions. When abscess prescribe a course of antibiotics, vitamins, ultrahigh-frequency therapy. If the disease carries autoimmune in nature, then the self will be forgotten. Appeal to the specialist, prescribing the correct drugs to put a man on the path of speedy recovery with no bad consequences.
Variations therapy the anti-tumor a few:
- chemotherapy (destruction of abnormal cells in the body with an individual regimen for a patient);
- radiation therapy (exposure to powerful x-rays at the cancer cells);
- removing axillary lymph nodes surgically with excision of the affected tissue next to it.
- bone marrow transplantation.
Removal of lymph node
Excision of the diseased lymph node lesion are shown in case of purulent and necrotic areas. If men or women observed the suppuration, the ordinary methods of treatment become ineffective, and should the patient survive the surgery. When running the process under local anaesthesia performed a small surgery for the removal of pus and lymphatic fluid. By poisoning the body with toxic substances is assigned to the transfusion of blood, enhance immunity drugs.