Signs of thyroid in women: symptoms of thyroid disease
Diseases of the thyroid gland (an organ in the shape of a butterfly, located just below the Adam’s Apple) is one of the most common problems today. The thyroid produces hormones that affect the metabolism of the body and its energetic processes. Thyroid disease is usually diagnosed late because the symptoms appear slowly. Among the most common problems of the thyroid gland: an underactive (hypothyroidism), zoom function (hyperthyroidism), presence of thyroid nodules. «Trendy» in detail what are the signs of thyroid cancer in women.
An underactive gland (hypothyroidism). Common symptoms
When problems arise with the thyroid gland, always the symptoms appear, which is often mistaken for fatigue, colds or stress.
Common thyroid symptoms: fatigue, rapid loss of energy, obesity, poor tolerance of cold, dry skin, constipation, profuse and difficult menstruation in women, mental disorder. The decrease in gland function manifests itself not only through obesity. On the face of psychological and physical changes – mental and physical sluggishness, weakness of the muscles.
Women who have a decrease in gland function, slow to react, think, speak. Often to remember to take more time fatigue and sleepiness come very quickly. Frequent fatigue is a characteristic symptom of hypothyroidism, which usually go to the doctor. In addition, you may see lethargy and depression, sometimes a nervous TIC.
Often the reason for the hypersensitivity of people to cold is to decrease metabolism since hypothyroidism disrupts metabolic processes.
If fast and short time people gain weight and eat a little, it is often associated with the thyroid gland. Therefore, when a person gains weight very quickly – a sign of thyroid problems.
Common symptoms also include severe hair loss, dryness and hardness of skin, soft and yellow nails, cracked heels, swelling (especially in the feet, toes, ankles and around the face). In addition you may experience problems with swallowing and digestion. By enlarged thyroid gland, difficulties with breathing, because the thyroid pressing on the trachea and closes the access of air.
Many people have problems with bowel movements (not more than 2 times a week). If there are such problems in the analysis usually an increase in the concentration of fat in the blood triglycerides, and cholesterol. This increases the risk of heart attacks and coronary heart disease.
When the thyroid gland becomes more as trying to compensate for hormonal deficiency, there is increase in the size of the neck.
A woman who suffers from hypothyroidism has problems with the menstrual cycle, which may become longer.
With the appearance of at least a few symptoms, it is recommended to immediately see a specialist – endocrinologist. Patients are special, replacement hormones therapy or the pill (thyroid hormones) in order to avoid the consequences of a deficiency of T4.
The increased function of the gland (hyperthyroidism)
Among the most common symptoms increase in the functions of the glands: anxiety, mental tension, cramps, irritability, tachycardia, constant hot flashes and sweating, fatigue and exhaustion, frequent stools short and scanty menstruation in women some patients appear protruding eyes.
When the thyroid gland for a long period of time releases more hormones than usual, this process affects all cells in the body, so the clinical picture is well recognized. If the hyperthyroidism is, and its manifestation is scarce, there are a few symptoms.
In hyperthyroidism or increased thyroid function often observed a sharp decrease in weight over a very short period of time. Often appear anxiety, irritation, anxiousness as a result of the influence of T4 on the nervous system. In addition, the body can cover the thermal wave, after which appears excessive sweating, including hands. The hands sweat profusely, often for no apparent reason and partly not explicit fine hand tremor.
The rolling out of eyes or outward pressure on the optic nerve – some of the important visual symptoms when processes of accumulation of lymphocytes and immune complexes in the eye. As a result, impaired vision, for example, diplopia (double image), and sometimes permanent visual impairment.
Increased secretion of thyroid hormones can cause diarrhea and tachycardia – an important change in the body due to the effect of thyroid hormones on the adrenergic receptors located on the surface of heart cells.
Also, some of the symptoms are different forms of arrhythmias, or palpitations. Patients may suffer from insomnia, test anxiety, and trouble falling asleep and sleep duration. If below the knee joint is formed rough and puffy skin like «orange peel», most likely there deposited mucopolysaccharides. This is another symptom of hyperthyroidism.
In addition to all the possible symptoms enlarged thyroid gland can be a symptom of hyperthyroidism. This is, primarily, an aesthetic problem that can also cause wheezing.
The nodes in the thyroid gland
The thyroid nodules are usually not harmful. Only about 4% of them can be malignant, therefore, if you notice sites are thoroughly investigated using aspiration biopsy (takes several minutes). If confirmed the malignancy of nodes that resort to surgical treatment and other therapy, but if benign nodes, then use only monitoring.