Pneumonia without fever
Possibly pneumonia without a fever in the body? Completely, the disease can be hidden, without the typical symptoms. And pneumonia with no fever and other signs may lead to serious complications, and the person is not aware that he is sick. Therefore, it is important to know how to identify this insidious form of the disease.
Signs of inflammation of the lungs
Asymptomatic pneumonia is an acute infectious pathology of the lungs, which is caused by bacteria. If the inflammation is triggered by viruses, chlamydia, Mycoplasma, Legionella is an atypical pneumonia. Often, this form diagnosed in children. Pneumonia without fever may also be caused by fungi, worms. Pathogens of community-acquired form of the disease mainly pneumococcus, chlamydia, Mycoplasma. The perpetrators of hospital pneumonia – Staphylococcus. Cause of pathology and become allergies, autoimmune disease, sepsis.
The typical manifestation of pneumonia – rapid, vivid, with high fever, chills, profuse sweating. The patient suffers from a severe cough, at first dry, and then wet with sputum. Nothing in pneumonia without fever. The development of the disease can be assumed only by few external signs. The patient has a pale complexion. Reddish spots or blush on the cheeks – symptoms that increase the suspicion of pneumonia.
Breathing is accompanied by whistling, wheezing. Should alert shortness of breath and palpitations even at low physical activity. If you have problems with blood circulation, especially in bedridden patients, high risk of development of congestive hypostatic pneumonia. The temperature remains normal or increases to subfebrile values are not above 37.5°.
Pneumonia in child
Did not occur pathological processes in the chest often found in children late, especially little children, because babies can’t tell us where it hurts. Sometimes inflammation without fever turns into a tragedy. That’s why parents should be alarmed when there are signs of pneumonia in children:
- spasmodic, difficulty breathing;
- excessive sweating;
- lethargy, weakness, drowsiness;
- causeless tearfulness;
- loss of appetite;
- bluish color of nasolabial triangle.
Symptoms of pneumonia in adults without fever
They often occur when the disease which is caused by weakening of the immune system or the administration of large doses of antibiotics. The most important to diagnose signs of inflammation of the lungs in adults – shortness of breath at the slightest exertion, flushed to the left or right side of the face. On this basis you can judge how easy the affected left or right. Control of infection is much more active if temperature rises – then the bacteria are much harder to reproduce. However, the heat is not because depleted the body’s defenses.
Thus, the main signs of pneumonia in an adult without fever, which may be accompanied by pathology:
- shortness of breath with whistling;
- shortness of breath;
- chest pain;
- sweating, worse at night;
- arrhythmia, tachycardia;
- poor appetite;
- weakness, sleepy state.
Diagnosis of pneumonia that occurs without rise of temperature, for the doctor is not particularly difficult. It is important that the survey was conducted on time. On examination, the patient is listening and percussion (tapping) of the chest to detect symptoms of pathology on the nature of the breath. The main sign of pneumonia – local-dimming light – right can show the radiograph. If necessary to clarify the diagnosis further carry out endoscopy – bronchoscopy. Mandatory sputum test.
How to treat pneumonia
There is a perception that because pneumonia without fever, with the disease can cope at home using traditional methods of treatment. This is a fallacy – self, driving the disease inward, only worsens the condition. Treatment of pneumonia at home can even be fatal. It should be done only under medical supervision.
Primarily prescribed antibiotics: Avelox with Amoxiclav or Ceftriaxone, Cefepime with Levofloxacin, Azithromycin with Ceftazidime. Pneumonia without fever, but with cough effective expectorants liquefy mucus: Lasolvan, Ambrobene, ACC, Bromhexine. If you suffer shortness of breath, therapy, Salbutamol or Fenoterol, dilates the bronchi. In severe course of the disease requires the use of immunomodulatory drug: Prodigiozan, Cycloferon, Thymalin etc.
If unilateral pneumonia without fever painful blush clearly visible on one side of the face, with bilateral lesion of the body appears purple on both cheeks, but it looks weaker. In a patient who is undergoing treatment, skin color in this case is clearly a pale shade. In addition, when double pneumonia may have these signs:
- low appetite;
- blue lips, fingertips;
- heavy breathing, shortness of breath;
- the cough is dry or wet;
- in severe cases, confusion.
How to treat pneumonia in that form? With strict bed rest used complex medical therapy: antibiotics, expectorants, antihistamines, multivitamins. If the patient is choking, you may need oxygen inhalation. Need high calorie food with copious drinking. After pneumonia without fever will pass the acute phase, prescribed physiotherapy, respiratory gymnastics.
For this form of the disease characterized by a local lesion of the organ. The pathology develops gradually, first with subtle symptoms, which eventually strengthened. This:
- chest pain, especially when coughing;
- hard breathing, shortness of breath;
- cough, sputum;
- blueness of the skin;
- temperature up to 39 degrees;
Antibacterial treatment focal pneumonia is supported by anti-inflammatory, mucolytic, tonic drugs. Sore throat treated with sprays, inhalations, based on essential oils, medicinal herbs. When protracted course of the disease method used autohemotherapy (injecting the patient’s own blood). If necessary, prescribe drugs for the cardiovascular system.
Complications of pneumonia
Very delayed or inadequate treatment of the disease is fraught with dangerous consequences. Can develop:
- abscess, pneumothorax (air in the pleural cavity);
- destruction, swelling, gangrene of the lungs;
- pleurisy, including empyema (abscess);
- acute respiratory failure;
- meningitis, meningoencephalitis;
- myocarditis, endocarditis;
However, effective tactics of treatment on the breath can be completely recovered in 70 patients out of a hundred. In 20 patients formed the local areas of connective tissue. Only 10 patients remain gross signs of partial degeneration of the lungs. Prevention of pneumonia in the absence of temperature should start with strengthening the immune system, Sakaliba the body. You need to protect yourself from hypothermia, to treat a dormant foci of infection. Perfectly heals the lungs, increasing their volume many sports, especially swimming, walking and running.