Oligohydramnios during pregnancy — causes and dangerous consequences for women and children

Oligohydramnios during pregnancy

The amniotic fluid serves as a habitat for the baby. Her baby receives the necessary nutrients. In addition, the volume and composition of amniotic fluid affects the safety and fetal development. In normal condition the amount of water is gradually increased, otherwise, the doctor can diagnose oligohydramnios.

What is oligohydramnios in pregnant women

Amniotic fluid is called the fluid that fills the uterine region and surrounding the embryo in the prenatal period. Substance includes a large number of nutrients: salts, hormones, vitamins, oxygen, and other substances, without which normal development of the child impossible. The role of amniotic water is enormous: during the whole period of pregnancy and childbirth, they perform important functions. The main tasks of amniotic fluid in pregnancy:

  1. Metabolism. The child receives the main volume of necessary substances from the amniotic fluid and excretes it in the processed products. They are removed from the woman’s body through the excretory system.
  2. Sterility. Water is always perfectly clean, so the fetus has a sterile environment. The fluid protects the baby from penetration of the infections and is updated every 3 hours, while maintaining the desired chemical composition.
  3. Protection from mechanical damage. The amniotic fluid serves as a safety cushion. In addition, water does not allow compression of the umbilical cord or tissue adhesions, allowing the child to move freely and to grow.
  4. To help with the birth. Labors begins with the outpouring of water in the bottom of the membranes. The volume of fluid puts pressure on the uterine cervix, causing it to expand. Water provide favorable conditions for the baby during contractions and washes the birth canal that helps your baby easier to move.

Each trimester involves a certain rate of amniotic fluid, which is able to meet the needs of the developing fetus. As a rule, until the third semester, in the absence of any abnormalities of the type of leakage or polyhydramnios is observed from 1100 to 1600 ml of water. If the volume is reduced, the doctor makes a diagnosis of oligohydramnios. In the presence of the disease state births often occur ahead of schedule and accompanied by complications. On water scarcity, says the volume of amniotic fluid of less than 500 ml.

Pregnant woman in bed

What are the risks of oligohydramnios

If the volume of amniotic fluid slightly below normal (approximately 500 ml in the later stages) is moderate oligohydramnios. As a rule, this condition is not serious, mild and corrected. Thanks to modern diagnostic tools can easily detect the pathology is already in her second trimester of pregnancy. However, oligohydramnios can cause various complications if water is too low, the uterine walls tightly abut to the fetus, which causes a strong compression of the baby, which is bent in an uncomfortable position. Oligohydramnios during pregnancy leads to:

  • club foot baby;
  • curvature of the spine;
  • increase the baby’s skin to the fetal bag.

Expressed prolonged oligohydramnios in pregnant women in the later stages, accompanied by close contact of the skin of the expectant mother with an amniotic bubble, leads to Simonstown connection. These formations encircle the embryo, reducing its activity and, in rare cases, lead to serious violations of a child’s development. As a result of violations of blood vessels in the baby there is a delay of physical development, and in complicated cases – his death.

Symptoms of water shortage experienced by many women who have been diagnosed with this pathology. In the third and second trimesters it is a symptom of constant pain in the lower region of the peritoneum. At the same time, when the baby moves, the pain intensifies. Symptoms is much brighter at 36-42 week of the term, when the fetus reaches a considerable size.

With an insufficient amount of amniotic fluid during childbirth the cervix is too slow, and the contractions become very painful and ineffective. After birth, with oligoamnios often starts bleeding. In some cases, a deficiency of amniotic fluid leads to extremely negative consequences of miscarriage or premature birth.

The doctor advises a pregnant woman

Signs of water shortage during pregnancy

Moderate form of the disease has almost no effect on the health of women during pregnancy. For a pronounced water shortage characterized by the following symptoms:

  • dry mouth;
  • nausea;
  • weakness;
  • pain in the abdomen.

When, after the twentieth week, the baby starts to behave more actively, in women there is severe discomfort due to low degree of cushioning amniotic fluid. During the examination, the doctor may determine that the patient has a tendency to oligohydramnios, if the ultrasound shows the gap size of the uterus from the norm characteristic of a certain stage of pregnancy. In addition, ultrasound helps to see the volume of water and severity of water shortage. Thanks to the timely inspection can avoid negative consequences, immediately began treatment pathology.

Causes of water shortage

To the emergence of pathological States can lead to a variety of factors, including diseases of the fetus, abnormal development of the placenta, severe chronic illness in a pregnant woman. The most common causes of water shortage are:

  • abnormal development of the kidney in a child (the pregnancy is interrupted, since the kid can’t live without kidneys);
  • hypertension in pregnant women, which leads to impaired function of the placenta, insufficient blood flow;
  • aging of the placenta in post-term pregnancy (a doctor doing a caesarean section or artificial stimulation of childbirth);
  • hidden, untreated infection in the expectant mother;
  • pregnancy with twins;
  • obesity, impaired metabolism.

The doctor measures the pressure in a pregnant woman

Treatment of water shortage during pregnancy

Therapy pathology is assigned a doctor to each patient individually. For example, if oligohydramnios during pregnancy arose as a result of the presence of women overweight or metabolic disturbances, it is necessary to adhere to special diets and follow a diet. Allowed the use of only healthy products, while the amount of fat is minimized. In addition, the patient is assigned vitamins.

How to treat oligohydramnios medication? To do this, prescribers, improves metabolism in the placenta and vitamin-mineral complexes. Under moderate water scarcity allow treatment of folk remedies. A great tool is the broth upland uterus, which strengthens the uterine wall. Infusion of red brush helps to activate blood circulation and strengthens the outer part of the placenta. When water scarcity is also applied dog rose decoction, has a General therapeutic effect during pregnancy.

At a moderate pathology is carried out outpatient treatment. A woman needs to reduce the physical load, physical activity and use medications that she was prescribed by a doctor. If the disease has a strong degree, the pregnant woman put in the hospital. With the threat of the fetus in late pregnancy the doctor prescribes a caesarean section or early delivery.

Video: what threatens oligohydramnios

Reviews

Julia, 25 years

When I noticed active excretion of fluids during pregnancy, became worried and started reading reviews on forums moms. Learned that sometimes women starts to leak, which eventually may lead to negative consequences. Went to the doctor who dismissed my theory and said it was not uncommon for pregnancy incontinence.

Valeria, 28 years

I had a slight oligohydramnios in the second trimester of pregnancy. When I went to the doctor, he recommended to adjust the diet and take within one month of vitamin-mineral complex for pregnant moms. At the next ultrasound pathology was not. In the third trimester had moderate polyhydramnios and before birth, everything went back to normal.

Ekaterina, 31 years

It is not necessary to read the reviews online if something bothers you: every body is different, so the exact answer to your questions you will not know. During pregnancy I had leakage, and a moderate oligohydramnios was tested for infection and found nothing. In the end, the pathology does not complicate the pregnancy and I gave birth to a healthy baby.

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