Saline solution for nasal lavage
Allergic, viral, bacterial, sinusitis, rhinitis cause swelling of the nasal mucosa and secretions, often causing discomfort, and headaches. To alleviate the condition, most people hurry to the pharmacy for expensive miracle drugs, forgetting for centuries proven tools. Saline nasal mist is an effective, useful and low-cost. What are its advantages and how justified is the use for kids?
Saline solution and its benefits
Possessing unique properties, salt can help with colds, runny noses, sinusitis in solution; festering wounds, infections, as a poultice; cut up, bleeding as a remedy that helps blood clotting; pharyngitis, tonsillitis — as disinfected, reduces inflammation liquid. Medicine, the ancient folk practices are strongly advised to use saline solutions for the prevention, treatment of diseases of the nasal mucosa.
Having the feature of «pull» out harmful bacteria, microorganisms, contributing to the destruction of pathogens to the mucosa, weak saline solution eases breathing, soothes the mucous, dries runny nose increase when the adenoids. In medicine it is widely distributed 9% solution of sodium chloride, which is prepared at home will not be easy. For adults it is good to add salt in preparation for the nose 2 drops of iodine and 5 g of soda. Children below the mucosa does not dry up, it is better to prepare a pure solution of salt or sea.
Swelling throat, runny nose, sinuses arise pathogenic processes caused by bacteria and viruses. Lavage with saline solution will help:
- to get rid of harmful microorganisms;
- clean the nasal mucosa;
- to protect the body from viruses in acute viral respiratory infection,;
- remove toxins from sinus, polyps enlarged – adenoids;
- to free sinuses of crusts, soften ulcers and sores heal.
When nasal congestion and runny nose
Most people at least once in his life faced with a runny nose. Headaches, feeling of discomfort in the nose, inability to breathe, swelling of the throat – the symptoms of this unpleasant sores. The use of saline solution for your nose will help to get rid of accumulated mucus, clean the nostrils and TV for free breathing. To wash the hairs that cover the cells of the nasal shell, you will need:
- Prepared with saline solution (9%). Adults, children over 12 years – with a few drops of iodine and soda. For younger children – ideal 3% liquid with salt without impurities (up to 3 years), for age 3 — 12 years: 5% of the mixture.
- Special Cup-a funnel with a narrow spout. Slightly inclining his head to the side, pour a thin stream of the solution at room temperature in one nostril. Saline fluid will gently flow out of the other nostril or down on the tongue of the open mouth.
- Syringe. Type in the desired amount of saline solution in the bag. Leaning over the sink, slowly press the pear, the narrow tip of which place at the beginning of the nostrils.
- Eyedropper or syringe without a needle. Used for instillation of nose of infants and children who cannot blow his nose.
- Jar with vertical sprayer. Remaining after using a vial of pharmaceutical preparation with a saline solution for the nose, do not discard. When cold pour the brine solution and sprashivayte the nasopharynx by one click every 15-20 minutes the first days of the disease.
Saline solution for nose can benefit children, adults, older people, people with allergies. Pregnancy, breast-feeding is no exception. Contraindications for use are:
- Hypersensitivity to sodium ions, chlorine.
- Frequent bleeding from the nose.
- The tendency to otitis.
Unfortunately, to do one saline solution for acute sinusitis did not succeed. Inflammation of the paranasal sinuses, which occurs due to adolecente banal rhinitis, can cause serious complications. Swelling of the connective tissue of the maxillary sinuses interferes with the normal circulation of blood in the vessels walls, contributes to the stagnation of mucus, pus formation.
Antibiotic therapy, the use of VASO-constricting drugs of the nose in combination with soda-saline rinses of the nose, physiotherapy will help to achieve getting rid of the disease without surgical intervention. It is very important to monitor the level of humidity in the room where the patient with sinusitis. It should not be below 60 — 65 %.
For the prevention of colds and hygiene
Want to protect yourself and others from infections, colds? More than 90% of viruses enter the body through the respiratory tract. The higher local immunity, the less people are prone to diseases. To strengthen the walls of blood vessels, to create a favorable microflora of the nose will help the daily morning flushing with saline. Please note that fresh air to come out after this procedure should be no earlier than 30 minutes.
Crust formed in the nose at low humidity, make the job of the cilia of the ciliated epithelium for the protection of local immunity. Use to prevent salt spray low dosing during the day (1-2 injections in each nostril), which eliminates the drying out of the nose and the presence of aesthetically unpleasant «boogers». Experts noted that the people who use the base fluid salt for oral hygiene, sick to colds, viral diseases 4.5 times less.
Komarovsky video: how to make a solution and wash the baby’s nose
Relieve symptoms of the common cold, help grunting, snorting nose of the child will help an isotonic solution. Do not rush to the pharmacy, after all, to prepare a saline fluid you will be able to house themselves. You will need 1 l of distilled (boiled) water 1 teaspoon salt (5 g). Directly this concentration – competent from a medical point of view proportion. On that note, doing the wash procedure a small nose, and what dangers await the baby – find out by watching our video:
How to make saline solution for nasal lavage – recipes
Those who do not want to «bother» hand-making salt liquids, doctors suggest to buy the produced pharmaceutical companies medication: Akvamaris, Phrase, Physiomer and weight are similar in properties and structure of solutions for the nose. The price for such a simple part of the drugs high:
- 50 ml bottle of Aqualor will have to pay from 257 to 299 RUB.
- A similar amount is Aquamarine 259 RUB
- Physiomer – a cheaper analog of price 334 per 135 ml
«Economical «option ready» will become saline saline value 106 rubles for 450 ml volume. All products are manufacturer, possible impurities of iodine, essential oils, and the volume name. Prepare yourself saline solution for flushing, a stuffy nose, you will spend:
- From 39 RUB 700 g of sea salt.
- 50 RUB – 5 l of distilled water.
- By simple arithmetic we get the cost of 1000 ml – 10.50 rubles.
The proportions of the breeding of salt water — the basic recipe
To make an isotonic solution, boil some water on the fire. Set aside, allowing to cool to room temperature. The warm liquid stir in the required amount of salt, stirring until dissolved. In the presence of sediment, strain through several layers of sterile gauze. Optional: add 1-2 drops of grapefruit essential oil or eucalyptus. To prepare the salt solution you will need:
- Liter capacity.
- 1 liter of filtered/distilled water.
- 5 g or 9 g of salt or sea (children/adults).
Recipe with baking soda
Strengthen antiseptic, anti-inflammatory characteristics of saline for effective nasal rinsing will help add soda and iodine. Strong natural antibiotic, baking soda has disinfectant properties. Iodine improves the fluid constricts blood vessels, disinfects the cavity of the nasopharynx. Boil water, adding a hot solution of salt and soda. Mix thoroughly until dissolved. Leave to cool. The warm liquid drip 2 drops of iodine.
To make a soda-salt solution in the right proportion, take:
- 500 ml of water;
- 0,5 teaspoon of salt;
- 0,3 CH. l. soda;
- 2 drops of iodine.
Alternative salt – furatsilin
This drug effectively reduces the microbial flora of the nose, being a great antiseptic. For people who are sensitive to the components of salt, little children: furacilin solution is an excellent replacement of isotonic fluid. One tablet will give a great result if dissolving it in 500 ml of boiled water, previously rubbed to powder.
How often can home to rinse the nose with saline
Preventive measures against the virus in the autumn and winter, I assume to rinse the nose with saline solution (9 %) not more than 3 – 4 times a week. Employees with a high degree of air pollution, significant emissions of harmful substances, it is recommended to wash nasal passages at least 2 – 3 times a 7 days. For those wishing to use a concentrated salt solution (5 g per 200 ml of water), the procedure is better to perform no more than 1 – 2 times a week. Inflammation, nasal congestion with saline rinse 2 to 4 times per day.
How to carry out the procedure of rinsing with sea salt
Sea salt of the Adriatic sea, and Throat contains enriched with essential oils of Myrtle and immortelle ordinary Italian, which due to the hypoallergenic properties gently and carefully take care of the nasal cavity. Home kit for rinsing the nasal passages allows irritate effort to wash out in turns of the nostril, sinus, forming a local immunity to urban dust, dirt, viral infections, and pathogens. How to wash the nose out with saline, you will be able to learn by watching a video: