Dyskinesia of the gallbladder: types, symptoms and treatment in children and adults

Dyskinesia of the gallbladder

For all diseases of gall bladder and bile ducts account for 12.5% of cases of psoriasis. According to statistics, women suffer from this disorder, ten times more than men. This is due to the peculiarities of metabolic and hormonal processes in the body. Especially vulnerable disease girls asthenic physique at a young age.

Symptoms gallbladder disease

Diagnosis of gallbladder disease

Symptomatic manifestation of the disease depends not only on violations of motor activity of the bladder, but also from dysfunction of the efferent ducts. Gallbladder dyskinesia has several forms, as will be described below. Depending on this, the symptoms of gallbladder disease will be different. On gipomotornaya dyskinesia option can specify the following attributes:

  1. Pain in the right upper quadrant, has a constant aching in nature, without clear localization. Increases immediately after a meal.
  2. Nausea, vomiting bile after eating certain foods.
  3. Burp after and between meals.
  4. Constipation, diarrhea.
  5. Flatulence, abdominal distension, accompanied by pain.
  6. In the morning, after exercise or a meal in the mouth there is the taste of bitterness.
  7. Sweating, redness of face, excessive salivation, decrease heart rate, hypotension.
  8. Obesity.
  9. Loss of appetite due to inadequate flow of bile.

For the development of gallbladder dyskinesia of hypertensive type can specify the following symptoms:

  1. Loss of appetite.
  2. Bowel dysfunction after eating (diarrhea).
  3. Reduction of body weight.
  4. Gives to the heart pain in the right hypochondrium. To provoke an attack of psoriasis can physical exertion, stress, poor diet.
  5. Nausea, vomiting with possible attacks of biliary colic.
  6. Headache, sleep disturbances, irritability, weakness, fatigue, increased blood pressure, sweating.

In some cases, diagnosed mixed type of dyskinesia, the following symptoms inherent to both forms, can be expressed in different ways:

  • blunting of sense of taste;
  • pale stools, dark urine;
  • yellowness of skin, whites of the eyes;
  • white, sometimes yellowish coating on the tongue;

What is JIT

The structure of the gallbladder

Biliary dyskinesia is the most common disorder of the excretion of bile produced by the liver, which is caused by the change of tone ducts, gall bladder, and their sphincters. The disease manifests itself in the form of violations of the outflow of fluid into the duodenum, which causes pain in the right hypochondrium. There are several forms of psoriasis based on the ability of the reducing the walls of the body.

Hyperkinetic form of dyskinesia

This kind of disease develops as a result of increased tone of the gallbladder and bile ducts. Is among patients who have normal parasympathetic nervous system dominates the night, causing increased motor function and increased tone of the gallbladder and ducts. In most cases such a diagnosis (hypermotor dyskinesia) appears in adolescents or young child.

GIT in hypotonic type

In low tone the muscles of the gallbladder, the excretory systems develops hypomotor (hypotonic) dyskinesia. It appears usually in patients over 40 years with a dominant normal day the sympathetic nervous system. A hybrid of the described forms of psoriasis is called gipotoniceski-hypokinetic dyskinesia of the gallbladder. It observed mixed symptoms of both types with varying degrees of severity.

Biliary dyskinesia in children

The doctor examines the child

Young children often cry because of the pain in the abdomen, feel a loss of appetite, they can often be upset stomach. Often adults ignore these symptoms, but sometimes it indicates the development of negative process, such as biliary dyskinesia. In children, the disease manifests itself in the form of complex gastrointestinal disorders. Symptomatic manifestation begins in the result of a long progression. Treat by yourself in the case of dyskinesia of bile ducts is contraindicated, the child should be seen by a specialist who:

  • collect medical history;
  • will conduct a diagnostic examination;
  • assign laboratory tests;
  • to find out the cause, make a correct diagnosis;
  • administer an effective therapy.

At different stages of gallbladder disease may need inpatient or outpatient treatment. Drug therapy will eliminate symptoms, eliminate the root cause of the development of dyskinesia. Often a special diet is prescribed, which is designed to save the baby from pain symptoms, improve overall health, to establish gall bladder. Therapy takes a long time, requires monitoring and effort from the doctor, the parents and the baby.

Treatment of bile stasis

Gepabene for the treatment of biliary dyskinesia

The gallbladder dysfunction is manifested in violation of the outflow of fluid, which leads to stagnation processes. Treatment involves a comprehensive approach that would have maximum effect on the healing process. As a rule, used medical method, combined with an individual diet. Traditional medicine offers options cure for psoriasis herbal.

Choleretic drugs

The treatment of gallbladder dyskinesia occurs with choleretic drugs. Reinforced by the effect of therapy with tonics and tubeless tyubazh. In some cases, the use of sedatives and antispasmodics. All drugs are appointed only by the doctor after the diagnosis. Self-medication can lead to side effects, deterioration. Medicines that are prescribed for various forms of dyskinesia:

Hypertensive Hypotonic
Gepabene, Oksafenamid – raise the tone of the gallbladder and reduce it in the biliary tract, belong to the group of holekinetiki. Allohol, Holenzim, Holiver – increase the production, the separation of bile choleretic. They contain pancreatic enzymes, improves the gallbladder.
No-Spa, Papaverine, Gimekromon, Promedol – contribute to the relaxation of tonus of the sphincter to relieve pain. Belong to the group of antispasmodics. Eleutherococcus extract, tincture of ginseng – tonic preparations that adjust the autonomic nervous system.
Sodium bromide, tincture of motherwort or Valerian, potassium bromide is a sedative, corrective work of the autonomic nervous system. Xylitol, magnesium sulfate, sorbitol is used for the tubeless tyubazh, which improves the flow of bile outside the period of exacerbation.

Folk remedies

Dill from dyskinesia of the gallbladder

At the lowered tone of the bile ducts it is recommended to use the infusion of parsley seeds. For the preparation of remedies for the treatment of psoriasis will need seeds plants and boiling water, then:

  1. 1 tsp parsley mash well.
  2. Pour 2 cups of boiling water.
  3. Allow to stand for 2 hours.
  4. Strain the remedy and let it cool down.
  5. 15 minutes before eating pour a quarter Cup and drink. Repeat 4 times a day.

Treatment of psoriasis lasts for two weeks, after that you should rest your body for 10 days, then repeat. All therapy of this disease of the gallbladder of this remedy lasts for 4 months. For the treatment of this disorder use mineral water with high salinity, for example, Essentuki number 17 or Arziani. In cases of hypermotor dyskinesia of the form need water Essentuki number 2 or 4, suitable even Slavyanovskaya, Narzan. You can prepare this decoction:

  1. Per Cup of boiling water pour 4 tbsp. l. chamomile flowers.
  2. Within 30 minutes, warm them in a water bath.
  3. Take one third of a Cup after meals as a spasmolytic and cholagogue easy.

Diet for gallbladder dyskinesia

Products for therapeutic diets

The disease affects the digestive tract, often the attacks happen after meals, so the diet with biliary dyskinesia is a mandatory part of therapy. Provoke the development of gallbladder disease simple carbohydrates, animal fats:

  • honey;
  • candy;
  • cakes;
  • sugar;
  • chocolate;
  • cakes;
  • smoked foods.

To improve the condition of the gallbladder the patient is recommended to consume complex carbohydrates contained in cereals. Fiber helps with constipation and stimulates the digestive process. It is recommended to use millet, buckwheat oatmeal porridge, but semolina and rice to eat less. The diet must be fresh fruit, vegetables, eat them at every meal. To unsubscribe from need:

  • bow;
  • radishes;
  • garlic;
  • radish.

During cooking, use natural oils limit your intake of butter, lard, animal fats. The same applies to such fish as catfish, herring, salted and smoked mackerel, sturgeon. Replace the consumption of coffee, herbal tea, calming infusions. Dyskinesia of the gallbladder will be aggravated by drinking carbonated, sugary drinks. To adhere to these rules is necessary for a long time, until the normalization of condition and after a few months.

Video: causes of stagnation of bile in children

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