Diarrhea in infants
Mom always takes care of their baby, so very anxious react, if there are any problems. The main task of parents is to keep baby growing healthy and happy. Often young parents are faced with the problem of diarrhea (diarrhea), so need to know what to do in such cases.
Causes of diarrhea in a child
Regardless of the age of the baby, whether baby or toddler, diarrhea cause the same reason. To recognize the source of the problem, it is important to prescribe the correct treatment. Diarrhea in a newborn is due to:
- errors in diet;
- intolerance to certain products;
- intestinal infection;
- acute surgical pathology.
Depending on the reasons that causes such a reaction of the body to be appointed by the remedy of diarrhea. Accurate diagnosis can put a doctor, but the first conclusions can be drawn from the General symptoms, it looks like the chair (color, consistency). There is a certain list of features that will help to determine what caused the diarrhea in the infant.
This is one of the most common causes of diarrhea in infants. Typically, it is caused by the action of the antibiotics which are prescribed for the treatment of serious diseases. In this case, the consistency of the stool may be different, but the father needs to understand that the cause is likely to become the medication. To treat goiter using probiotics. Assign them can only be a doctor, do not self medicate.
- Intestinal infection
Diarrhea in this case is caused by bacteria, viruses that invade the digestive tract. In addition to the liquid stool observed accompanying symptoms:
- abdominal pain;
The severity of these symptoms depends on the causative agent. The nature of the diarrhea can vary from digestive tract that is inflamed. Acute intestinal infection (AII) are the hardest occurs in infants up to one year. Experts identify the following symptomatic picture:
- shigellosis is an inflammation of the small intestines, excessive diarrhea green in color with mucus, blood, occur, a false urge to defecate;
- gastroenteritis is characterized by green, watery stools, vomiting, fever;
- staphylococcal enterocolitis causes the appearance of foam in the stool.
To determine the pathogen should be tested on the flora. Based on these data, the drug is selected against microbes. In cases where OKI was a possible complication, which for a child is the most dangerous is dehydration. To cure this symptom can, giving the baby more water. To determine the presence of dehydration will help such signs: the darkening, decrease in amount of urine; a dryness of the mucous membranes, skin; decreased body weight; decreased elasticity of the skin.
- Errors in diet
In this case we are talking about two possible options: disorders of the mother or the child. To cause diarrhea in infants may changing diet of mom, if you add beets, cucumbers, apples, pears, etc. the same effect occurs if you include them in the diet of the child as a «lure». To avoid side effects, changes in stool, appearance of diarrhea, this should be done gradually, carefully tracking the condition of stool (normal color is yellow).
- Intolerance products
The baby may be congenital pathology which provokes intolerance to certain substances. In medicine this is called malabsorption syndrome. The most common are 3 types:
- Intolerance of lactose-free milk or lactase deficiency. Symptoms appear since the first days under natural or artificial feeding in the form of frothy diarrhea, sour smell, musty. After some time, added colic, vomiting. Tolerated the disease difficult, there is toxemia, dehydration. When detecting lactase deficiency baby should be transferred to the feeding of lactose-free mixture.
- Celiac disease is a disease caused due to damage to the mucosa of the small intestine by protein gluten containing cereals. Manifested in a baby 1-4 months after the start of gluten products. The clinical picture includes a large, foul-smelling, fatty diarrhea with glitter foam. The observed increase in circumference of the abdomen, deficient States of malnutrition.
- Cystic fibrosis is inherited, is in violation of the transport of chlorine ions, which causes thickening of the secrets of the urogenital, respiratory, digestive systems. In infants the symptoms of GASTRO-intestinal tract is observed in 2-3 weeks. Stool frequency than normal in 2-8 times, it looks tough, brilliant.
The normalization condition is observed during the month in the first of the described cases. In the second condition of the infant completely normal during the year after exclusion of foods containing gluten. And for the third treatment you want to reduce the amount of fat, take vitamins and to carry out the enzyme, although the diagnosis is difficult, and the child’s condition worsens.
- Acute surgical pathology
This cause of diarrhea in infant is always a threat to his life. In addition the liquid chair is observed abdominal pain, fever, vomiting. For the treatment always need surgery, not allowed medicinal therapy or folk remedies. To the group of acute surgical pathology are 4 disease: peritonitis. volvulus, intussusception, acute appendicitis.
Infants after 6 months of life, and some to the 4th or 3rd start to erupt teeth, which can cause diarrhea. In this case, the chair becomes a liquid, is abundant. In cases of infection may be blood, mucus, foam, high temperature and vomiting. Treatment for teething is to increase the amount of liquid.
In infants fed exclusively breast milk, the stools may vary in consistency. This happens due to the immaturity of the GASTROINTESTINAL tract of the baby, the food that mother eats. At first feces of a newborn has a viscous consistency, dark green color, but not to worry. This condition is called meconium. Diarrhea in infants breastfed appears for the following reasons:
- intestinal infection;
- violation of diet;
- allergic reaction.
Diarrhea when breastfeeding
In the artificial food of the baby is waiting for all those hazards, to cause a liquid chair the child can different diseases. To distinguish between the symptoms only after doctor visits and tests. Develop diarrhea baby iskusstvenniy through:
- food poisoning;
- helminthic infection;
- change mixture;
- early introduction of complementary foods;
- intestinal obstruction;
- allergic reactions;
- dirty toys.
What to do if your child has diarrhea
Young parents need to understand that diarrhea in infants under one year threat due to the rapid development of dehydration, which poses a threat to baby’s life. It is desirable to self-medicate, if the diarrhea is accompanied by additional manifestations: fever, vomiting and abdominal pain. You need to immediately call the doctor or go to the hospital. Only a specialist can say for sure that give the baby diarrhea.
Known for his assists Dr. Komorowski has repeatedly pointed out that the intestines of an infant are very sensitive, so you should not experiment with mixes or foods. Add new products must always be gradual, consistent with doctor. If changes in the diet were not, and the chair of the kid became liquid, you should seek the advice of a specialist. For a required inspection will cause the following symptoms:
- the child refuses to drink, food;
- fuse Fontanelle, dry skin, cracked lips, the child is lethargic and sleepy;
- the presence of blood, mucus in the feces;
- dark urine, decrease of its quantity;
- fever, vomiting on the background of diarrhea.
How to treat diarrhea in a child
Diarrhea is not a disease is a reaction of the body attempting to cleanse. You should not slow down the process, especially if caused diarrhea infection. Relief excretion from gut microbes, toxins can lead to serious complications. Most dangerous for infants remains dehydration, so the main task in the treatment of diarrhea – fluid replacement salts.
Drugs from dehydration
Impaired fluid absorption in the small intestine because of the injury to mucosal pathogens of diarrhoea. Treatment baby is to restore the shell using special drugs that can be purchased at the pharmacy. If the disease is not infectious, except rehydratation nothing. In the presence of infection, the doctor will prescribe appropriate medicines for children diarrhea:
- Humana Electrolyte.
The smectite diarrhea
In case of diarrhea, you can give babies absorbents, for example, Smectite. The drug is natural, allowed its use from the first days of birth. Before use, be sure to consult your doctor. Associated this rule with the fact that sometimes, taking these drugs is strictly prohibited, for example, in rotavirus infections.