Astigmatism in children
The goal of any parents is the happiness and health of their baby. One of the often concerned about hereditary diseases is a children’s astigmatism. It is dangerous because it can develop in a child at any age, although often this rejection is diagnosed in newborns. From the instructions below you will learn how to recognize and treat such defect.
What is astigmatism
The normal shape of the cornea of the eye is a sphere. It provides a proper focus of light rays and the formation of the eye retina clear picture. When this form is broken and the cornea in two mutually perpendicular directions becomes different in curvature, then talk about a disease called astigmatism. For this reason, the image of the object and becomes cloudy.
Astigmatism is characterized by hereditary nature, because the shape of the cornea is programmed at the genetic level. Although there are cases of occurrence of such a defect after:
- eye surgery;
- subluxation of the lens;
- eye injuries;
- viral or bacterial infections.
Classification of astigmatism in children is as of view on the two main meridians: vertical and horizontal. In the first case it is direct, the second the opposite. Allocated and other types of astigmatism:
- myopic or nearsighted;
- a hyperopic or farsighted;
- mixed in a combination of myopic and far-sighted astigmatism on 2 different meridians.
What is mixed astigmatism the child
One of the types described deviation is mixed astigmatism. This short-sightedness in one eye and farsighted in the other. This form of impairment is considered to be the strongest. Astigmatism in children is difficult to determine. Parents should focus on family members who have had this disorder. A signal for anxiety may be strabismus, expressed even in a weak form. Older children with such visual impairment can:
- does not distinguish between sizes of the subject;
- it is wrong to determine the distance to the object;
- confused when reading;
- have complaints of fatigue of eyes;
- to give up watching TV or working at the computer;
- to squint;
- twist the head for a better view of the subject;
- to complain of pain in the area of the eyebrows.
This form of variance of view is divided into simple and complex astigmatism. The first is characterized by myopic refraction and location of the focus front of the retina in only one Meridian. The second is a myopic refraction in both main meridians, and the foci have different distances to the retina. Common signs of the presence of such abnormalities in children are:
- blurring of the image;
- frequent headaches;
- viewing objects too close;
- the eye fatigue.
For this form of astigmatism in children characterized by the same variance, as in myopic. Only refraction already sighted here, because the focus is behind the retina. Hypermetropic astigmatism may be simple and complex. Symptoms of this abnormality of vision are:
- General fatigue and irritability;
- headaches, the eye strain;
- reduced appetite;
- burning sensation or pain in the eyes;
- blurred image;
- viewing objects at a great distance from the eye;
- possible strabismus.
How to treat astigmatism
Therapy is prescribed depending on the severity and form deviations. Newborns astigmatism is insignificant, so it passes with age, if you follow all the recommendations of the ophthalmologist. In more serious cases, vision correction is by wearing glasses or contact lenses, special exercises, and even surgery with a laser. To start treatment you need immediately after all, at 14-15 years optical system of the eye is still developing.
Astigmatic glasses and lenses
The most common way to correct vision glasses. They have spherical and cylindrical astigmatic lenses. The first correct nearsightedness or farsightedness, and the second to promote proper refraction of the light beam. In addition to points, in specialized shops you can buy and lenses, in the same way correct vision. For children it is better to choose one-day options, because they require no maintenance, and will not become a source of possible infection.
Treatment with surgical intervention is indicated only upon reaching the age of 18 years when the visual system is almost fully formed. Often laser correction is assigned even after 20 years. The operation involves the separation of the surface layer of the cornea, and further alignment. Then the top part returns to its place. With laser correction of astigmatism can be cured completely. After a few hours the person starts to see well.
Exercises for eyes astigmatism
In childhood along with the use of glasses or lenses vision correction is performed with the help of special exercises. They are lightweight and do not require additional equipment. The child needs to just sit back and try to do the following:
- eyes in the air to «write» letters or numbers;
- alternate strong zazhmurivaet eyes and relaxation;
- massage with the thumbs closed eyelids;
- alternately focus on far and then close objects;
- close your eyes, give them rest.
Prevention of eye diseases in children
To prevent the development of astigmatism or time to identify the defect of vision need to be regularly once a year to visit an ophthalmologist. Preventive measures include the creation of conditions for the normal development of the eyeball, therefore, include the following:
- the alternation of visual tension with the active recreation;
- proper lighting of the workplace of the child;
- special gymnastics for the eyes;
- massage the eyelids and color therapy in the presence of the tendency to astigmatism.
Congenital astigmatism to warn will not work, so it is important to prevent disease progression and the emergence consequences. Among the latter there is amblyopia or lazy eye when vision cannot be corrected with surgery and glasses. In addition, if you do not treat astigmatism, the child may lag in psychological development and even stay with strabismus.
Video: treated astigmatism in children
Alexander, 29 years: I Have astigmatism were born with. In school I had to wear glasses. Now vision no problems, that is all really. After the birth of a child is again faced with this defect. Ophthalmologist its special tests confirmed the same diagnosis my son, but said that with age everything will pass, only need to wear glasses.
Antonia, 36 years: my daughter 2 years old was astigmatism. On one eye vision is +3 and the other one less. The doctor said that while it will not do anything, but at the reception should definitely come for 3 years. Explained that this age and over time very often is, especially in our family, such a diagnosis was not anybody. So don’t rush through.
Tatiana, 32 years: In the children’s clinic the daughter was diagnosed with astigmatism. She was 2.8 years. 20 min. to checking burying something in the eye. In the end, was prescribed glasses, but we only watched cartoons. Six months later, again came to the reception – no improvement. The doctor scolded, do not wear glasses constantly, so I advise you to follow all the recommendations of the ophthalmologist.