Arthritis of the fingers
Many people arthritis of the fingers is familiar not by hearsay. More often it occurs in women. Medical harsh statistics: nearly a billion suffer from this disease. However, do not despair – there are treatment options allowing to save from serious consequences such as paralysis of the limbs. About the disease and effective methods of struggle – in this article.
What is arthritis
Arthritis inflammation affects the joints. Some of its varieties are becoming more common in the modern world. So, for example, arthritis of the hands. The number of diabetics is increasing due to the fact that a lot of people constantly working on computers, typing and using a mouse. This affects the interphalangeal and metacarpophalangeal joints. As a result of arthritis is thinning of the joint cartilage, there is a change in the shape of the ligaments.
There is such a variety of diseases, such as arthritis of the hands, when the inflammation repeatedly affects large and small joints. There are nodules Bouchard and Heberden. The latter often affects women, particularly when menopause occurs. Giardinaccio the nodule is an early sign of polyarthrosis of the hands. The reason is the overloading of the distal interphalangeal joint in conjunction with small work. Bouchard nodules are less common. They occur in those who have heberdens nodules in osteoarthritis. When the disease there is a thickening of the soft tissues, and bone growth occurs.
The arthritis of the joints, as inflammation, occurs as a consequence of other diseases. As such a cause can be infection, problems with the metabolism, rheumatism. Arthritis is recognized as a socially important disease, because in the end the person can become disabled, losing the ability to work, take care of themselves. That is why it is impossible to postpone treatment.
Rheumatoid arthritis of fingers
Rheumatoid arthritis – common cause of joint inflammation. In this case, the body’s immune system begins to affect the connective tissue, causing harm to the cartilage. The joints of the fingers are particularly susceptible to such inflammation. This type of arthritis is characterized by symmetrical damage to the joints of the hands. Started on one, it will certainly occur to another, and the disease to progress rapidly. When the fingers very quickly lose their shape and mobility.
The hardest to cure juvenile rheumatoid and seronegative arthritis of the fingers palangov. The first type of the disease affects children. Often deformity of the finger occurs when the recurrence of the disease or if it takes a chronic nature. Seronegative rheumatoid arthritis is difficult to diagnose, sometimes even hiding in the clinical tests. Because of this, patients often seek treatment when the disease is already running.
The first symptoms
The metacarpophalangeal joints of the index and middle fingers swell under the influence of inflammation. However, if the disease manifests itself on the one hand, there is the second. Swelling may persist for a long time, and even longer can be painful. In the morning the pain escalates. Some compare it with the tooth. In the early stages of development of arthritis is a minor physical activity can reduce the pain, but later exercises only aggravate it. This is the difference between the disease of osteoarthritis.
There is redness of the skin around the joints of patients. Occasionally, the temperature increases, trouble sleeping, lack of energy and loss of appetite. Near the elbows and on the hands appear, but not always, the bumps (nodes Heberden). With the development of the disease occurs deformity of the hands, muscle wasting, thinning and blanching of the skin on the hands. The fingers become curled. Waking up in the morning, patients often feel the stiffness of the joints, hands squeezing like a tight glove.
Causes of arthritis
Science can not accurately name the causes of rheumatoid arthritis. We only know how to react to his body as an inflammation occurs. The most important are genetic factors and the environment. Some DNA markers that are related to the immune system, significantly increase the likelihood of disease. However, their presence does not mean that a person will develop arthritis. Viruses and bacteria can trigger the disease. The trigger can be hormones, and even stress and injury (then there is post-traumatic arthritis).
Stage of rheumatoid arthritis
The development of the disease increases the deformation of the fingers, degrades the human condition. As a result, the joints will be destroyed, and the mobility of the hands will be lost. Skilled care must be provided at the first stage, which is also the acute period. At this stage the patient suffers from sharp pain and severe inflammation. If you treat the disease, then the second stage will be remission, the pain will diminish and virtually disappear. On the third cartilage dissolves, wipes away the bone tissue, and the joint collapses.
How to cure arthritis on fingers
Currently there is no drug that can cure rheumatoid arthritis. For this reason, the main efforts of the doctors aims to provide long-term remission. We know many effective ways of how to relieve the acute manifestations of the disease. At the very beginning of the disease there is a risk of irreversible damage. So you need time to undertake the treatment of arthritis of the fingers, to stop the possible destruction of the joints.
Often the doctor prescribes basic modifying tools, which aim to slow down the inflammatory process. If does not work, assign the modifiers of biological reactions. These drugs are the basis of molecules or cells of a living organism and is an effective way to stop the inflammation. In some cases, they can be combined, added to them eliminate pain analgesics sample of acetaminophen that can reduce inflammation of corticosteroids and non-steroidal drugs are similar actions.
Treatment of rheumatoid arthritis folk remedies and nutrition
Pills is not the only way. There are still folk remedy for joint pain, plus a properly chosen diet. Often used for treatment of leeches, poultices, herbs and ointment. Home recipes there are many. Helps to relieve pain a poultice from raw potatoes. You can use the pumpkin, which should be mixed with a pine oil and honey. The bags with the hot sea salt, well heated with the patient’s joint. Against inflammation help pressed a bandage to the affected place the leaves of cabbage, burdock or plantain.
Coniferous infusion will help reduce the pain. Sprigs of pine mixed with two tablespoons of onion peel, rose hips, one clove of garlic. Then they poured a liter of water, bring to boiling and leave for half an hour on the fire. Day infusion needs to steep, and then used during the day. In the period of remission and in severe pain, you can take baths with pine sprigs. Among the useful in rheumatoid arthritis herbs are mother-and-stepmother, burdock, nettle, St. John’s wort, sorrel, hops.
Important and correct diet. Previously it was assumed that there is a relationship between rheumatoid arthritis and the concentration of vitamin D is associated with autoimmune problems. For this reason, it is recommended to monitor its presence in food. Those who are already sick, is often recommended diet with the exception of fatty, sweet and starchy foods. In the menu you should prefer fish, dairy products, vegetables, olive oil, which is particularly a lot of oleic acid. Reduce inflammation will help seafood, flax seeds, fish oil.