Norma TSH in women. What causes the increase and decrease

hormone TSH is the norm for womenThe thyroid gland is responsible in our body for many chemical and metabolic processes. Furthermore, it is in the thyroid gland produced hormones such as triiodothyronine, referred to in medicine as T3, and thyroxine, called T4. But there is another important hormone which has a significant impact on the thyroid gland, helping to form hormones T3 and T4, and synthesis. This thyroid stimulating hormone TSH, produced in the pituitary gland. Malfunction of the pituitary gland, and accordingly a failure in the development of TSH can lead to unpleasant consequences and serious illness.

The metabolism, can cause problems with heart and gastrointestinal tract, and most importantly, the possible impairment of reproductive functions of the body, until the development of infertility. TSH levels possible to learn, having the appropriate blood test in the laboratory. Let us consider what is the norm of the analysis of TSH in women, which may be indications for delivery of the analysis, and how to take TSH a woman right.

The norm of TSH in the blood in women

TSH levels are different for children, men and women. Generally it is believed that the hormone TSH is the norm for women is set in the range 0.4-4 mu/L. But it is important to know that the amount of TSH in the blood may slightly fluctuate during the day. Therefore, in order to know what is the norm for you, you should consult with a physician or endocrinologist, and then to test and evaluate the result.

How to test the woman and to get an accurate result

Preparation for testing the level of thyroid-stimulating hormone starts in a few days. When to take TSH a woman does not matter, you can donate blood any day since the result will not depend on the day of the menstrual cycle, as by passing the most tests for hormones. The result was as accurate as possible, it is necessary to observe some rules.

  1. A few days before delivery is recommended to exclude large exercise.
  2. To give up Smoking and alcohol.
  3. To stop taking hormones and thyroxine.
  4. A blood sample is taken from a vein and need to take it in the morning and on an empty stomach. Break between meals should be not less than 6 hours.

What is prescribed for TSH analysis

Make the decision about the necessity of testing for TSH levels can a doctor. Indications for the appointment are:

  • suspicion or ascertainment of hypothyroidism (in this disease need to regularly take a test);
  • consistently low body temperature for an unknown reason;
  • wrong muscles;
  • the inability for a long time to get pregnant;
  • high degree of prolactin in the body;
  • amenorrhea;
  • the analysis assigned pregnant women to determine the right course of pregnancy.

TSH in pregnancy

Thyroid-stimulating hormone is a hormone a lot of sense during pregnancy. After all, it is the main factor governing the correct functioning of the thyroid. When significant fluctuations possible complication of pregnancy or more, there is a risk to harm the unborn child. Hormone levels in women during pregnancy differs from the nonpregnant, and usually set in the range of 0.1-0.4 mu/L.

Norma TSH in pregnant women changes during the whole period. Especially low rates in the first trimester (before 12 weeks), but it can stay that way until the very end of pregnancy. TSH may not be detected in the blood or revealed by ultra sensitive test which detects even hundredths mu/L. this is Especially often happens if a woman bears more than one child.

High level of TSH in women in an interesting position not a good sign, and is likely to be appointed tiroxina therapy (L-T4). But first you will be asked to take the test again to eliminate the inaccuracy. When high rate of pregnant may take a bit longer neck.

Proper functioning of endocrine system and hormone production during pregnancy is very important, especially in the first 3 months, when the thyroid gland in a child is not developed and it completely depends on the condition of his mother. In any case, to monitor the level of TSH in the blood of pregnant women full can only your doctor.

The increased level of the hormone TSH in women

If the TSH is above the prescribed norms, it cannot be regarded as a disease, it suggests that the thyroid gland stands out is not the norm T3 T4 hormones in women. The main reasons for the increase of TSH in women:

  • exaggerated consumption of iodine;high TSH levels in women
  • medications that affect the thyroid gland;
  • delayed adrenal glands;
  • what happens if you have gallbladder removed;
  • mental illness in a severe form;
  • the lead poisoning substances;
  • different kinds of tumors in the pituitary gland;
  • excessive physical activity and heavy loads on the body.

The symptoms of high TSH in women is individual, but there are basic signs of increased TSH in women:

  • weakness throughout the body;
  • consistently low body temperature;
  • insomnia;
  • swelling;
  • thickening of the neck;
  • disturbed menstrual cycle.

Many asked themselves the question how to lower TSH in women, but it should be understood that we are not dealing with a light cold, but we are talking about your thyroid and endocrine system as a whole, therefore, highly recommended for advice turn to the endocrinologist, it will help to eliminate the cause, will prescribe a course of therapy of thyroxine.

Reduced rate of hormone TSH

Reduced blood levels of TSH is less common and the main reason is a glut of thyroid hormones, often this happens when hormonal drugs aimed it at her. Main symptoms:

  • nervousness, mental instability;
  • trembling hands;
  • heart palpitations;
  • unhealthy (insane) glitter in the eyes;
  • tearfulness;
  • weight loss, but permanent good appetite.

The rate of thyroid hormones in women, TSH in particular, an important factor not only to detect diseases, but also to determine the correct operation of the endocrine system and hormonal background of a woman in the aggregate. Remember, the hormone TSH and normal women known specialized endocrinologist and correctly decode tests on forces only to him. Do not do self diagnosis. Good health!